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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Montana,   pp. 236-248 PDF (6.3 MB)

Page 237

the reservation. This fall he will have about three months' work on the Cut
Bank irrigation ditch. The amount received for this labor is not sufficient
supply his wants during the year. 
The new school buildings now being constructed on Cut Bank Creek are 
nearing completion. It was hoped they would be completed and ready for 
occupancy by the beginning of the school term, September 1, 1905, but they
will hardly be completed by that time. 
Attention is invited to the report of the acting superintendent of the agency
boarding school, which is submitted herewith. 
The agency physician, Dr. George S. Martin, reports as follows: 
At the Willow Creek Boarding School there has been treated a total of 12
cases of 
sickness, 5 males and 7 females; of the following diseases tuberculosis,
pulmonary, 1 (sent 
home) ; tuberculosis of the glands, 1 (sent home) ; influenza, 6; bronchitis,
1; hepatitis, 
1, and 2 minor surgical cases from accidents. The health of the pupils at
the school has 
been most excellent during the year, the school being visited by no epidemic
and no really 
serious case of acute illness occurring. 
There has been treated during the year 652 cases of sickness of sufficient
to be reported on the agency sanitary report. This does not include numerous
cases prescribed for. Of the 652 cases 317 are males and 335 are females.
Of the 
652 cases treated 42 died during the year, the cause of death in 27 of the
42 fatal cases 
being tuberculosis of the following varieties: Pulmonary, 15; of the bones,
1; of the 
joints, 1; meningeal, 6; enteric, 4. Included in the 42 deaths are two cases
of accidental 
death and two the cause of death in which is unknown. As will be seen, this
tuberculosis responsible for a large majority of our deaths. 
In the practice of the agency physicians there have been 29 births during
the year, 
14 males and 15 females, 12 Indians and 17 part bloods. These 29 births do
not rep- 
resent the whole number of the births occurring on the reservation, but only
coming under the attention of the physicians. 
The general sanitary condition of the people of the reservation is gradually
ing better, due largely to the fact that the population is becoming more
and more 
mixed with white people. The improvement among the full bloods is evident,
in a much less degree. 
Tuberculosis in its many forms continues to be the greatest menace to the
and well-being of these people, seemingly to actually portend extinction
if we consider 
the full blood only. The mixture of white blood seems to make them physically
which, coupled with the fact that the part bloods observe better the laws
of good sani- 
tation, have better homes, better and more food, renders the part blood much
subject to this disease. 
The work of the agency physicians at this agency is constantly increasing,
the people 
generally, full and part blood, depending almost entirely on them for treatment
when ill. 
The use of intoxicants has a demoralizing effect on these people, their health
vitality, their contact with the people of low character in the surrounding
small towns 
resulting in much venereal disease. 
The sanitary condition of the agency, its buildings, and surroundings is
good, though 
the buildings are sadly in need of repairs, especially as to paint inside
and out. 
J. Z. DARE, 
Captain, U. S. Army, Retired, Indian Agent. 
BROWNING, MONT., July 24, 1905. 
This school is located about 2 miles west of 'ohe Blackfeet Agency, on an
open, rolling 
prairie, and about 12 miles east of the Rocky Mountains. The Great 4orthern
track is laid within a mile. The railroad and telegraph station, as well
as the post- 
office, is within a couple of miles. 
Attendance.-The enrollment for the year was 64-30 boys and 34 girls. The
ance at this school has been good, an average of 62, which exceeds the school
This may appear to be a small school, but the present number of pupils is
the result of a 
loss of a part of the school plant some years ago by fire, making it necessary
to reduce 
the number of* pupils as well as a reduction in the force of employees. This
will be 
remedied the coming year by a transfer to the new school plant, now being
built on Cut 
Bank Creek, which is near completion. 
Health.-No epidemics have visited us this year, and the health of all has
been good. 
Only healthy pupils have been accepted for enrollment, for which reason few
have had to 
be excused on account of illness. 
Employees.--The corps of employees at this school has been small, but, though
we Lave 
been a small family and have had a great deal to do, we have been peaceable.
with harmony has been our watchword of success, and I appreciate their close
to duty and their loyal support. 
Education (literary).-It has been the aim to conform to the course of study
down by the superintendent of Indian schools. The work in this department
has been 
satisfactory. The use of the Indian language among the pupils has been constantly
discouraged, and every effort has been made to encourage the correct use
of English. 
The usual holidays and the closing day of school have been observed with
a literary pro- 
gramme. These have been both entertaining and instructive, but we have been
to omit the instructions In instrumental music, as we have no employee who
Is a musician. 
Education (industrial).--Concerning the domestic instructions, I may say
the work of 
the girls in the laundry was good, and from their number a selection could
have been 
made to manage this department fairly well. Some of the older girls cut and
dresses and other garments for themselves. The trimming of the articles and
the work 

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