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Jensen, Merrill (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Delaware, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut

V. The election of convention delegates, 26 November 1787,   pp. 92-104

Page 104

a delegate to the Confederation Congress on 10 November.
10. "Non-jurors" were those people who had not taken an oath of allegiance to
the State of Delaware and its constitution.
11. This item was probably reprinted from the no longer extant Delaware Gazette
of 5 December.
12. RC, Rodney Collection, Historical Society of Delaware. Rodney had been
Speaker of the House of Assembly in October and November 1787 and was a repre-
sentative from Kent County in the January 1788 session. Rodney opposed the Con-
stitution at this time because he believed that it endangered rather than promoted
a union of the states. He believed that the attachments of the people to the state
governments prevented union and that the states still had too much power under
the Constitution. Moreover, he did not think that the Constitution provided for
an adequate balance among the various classes in society. (See Rodney to Caesar A.
Rodney, 14 June 1788, and Rodney to Alexander Hamilton, 10 February 1791, Mfm:
Del. 46, 50.)
For Rodney's analysis of the classes supporting the Constitution, see his draft
of a letter dated 15 April 1788, Mfm:Del. 42.
13. See n. 2 above.
14. Nottingham, a Whig, signed a petition protesting the 26 November election,
while Hall, also a petitioner, testified before the legislature on 18 January 1788 con-
cerning that election (Mfm:Del. 30-1, 37 E-F).
15. In the October 1787 election disturbances (III above), Trusham, a Whig, had
commanded a group of armed men.
16. Biographical History of Dionysius, 74, 75-79 (Mfm:Del. 47).
17. Delaware constitution of 1776, Article 28 (Mfm:Del. 1).
18. William Peery and David Hall were two of the Whig leaders. See Thomas
Rodney to Jacob Broom, 27 January, in this group of documents.
19. See Sussex County Petition to the General Assembly, n. 7, above.
20. On 11 January 1788, the House summoned thirty witnesses (Mfm:Del. 37-B).
21. It is possible that George Mitchell, elected to the House of Assembly at this
election, was the "Refugee" who was "second in command." According to Simon
Kollock, Mitchell was at the "old field" with about thirty other men (Mfm:Del.
37-P). Another possibility for "second in command" was Rhoads Shankland, also
elected to the House on 26 November.
22. For the testimony of some of the witnesses, see Mfm:Del. 37 O-P.
23. For Miller's appearances before the House on 19 January and the Council
on 21 January 1788, see Mfm:Del. 37 F-G.
24. The vote was taken on 22 January 1788 (Mfm:Del. 37-H). The House resolu-
tion confirmed the election without comment. However, some draft resolutions,
dated the next day, indicate that some member or members of the House wanted
to insist that there was no "unusual violence," that no one was prevented from
voting, that ineligible people had not voted, that the state constitution had not
been violated, and that the election had been conducted peaceably according to
the laws of the state (Mfm:Del. 37-I).
25. See Council Proceedings, 21, 23, and 24 January (Mfm:Del. 37-G, I, J).
26. For Buchannan's recollections of the election, see Mfm:Del. 37-P.
27. Peery testified before the House on 17 January, while Hall testified before
the House on the 18th (Mfm:Del. 37 D-E).

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