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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (14.1 MB)


Page 108

108 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES II  
articles.' The negotiations were broken off immediately, and 'the envoys
of the Greek emperor were sent back home with a threat of further war. Thereafter
the indignation of our men toward the Greeks boiled up more and more.' 
 Isaac thereafter again capitulated, and on January 21, 1190, his embassy
arrived in Adrianople ready to carry out the terms of Nuremberg, and 'to
give most noble hostages to show his good faith in this promise, and to assure
its performance.' Frederick sent back with this legation to Constantinople
'count Berthold of Tuscany, Markward of Anweiler, the lord high steward,
and Markward of Neuenburg, the chamberlain . . . to investigate carefully
the truth of the promises, and if they found them assuredly true, to act
as plenipotentiaries in negotiating conditions of peace.'23 On February 14
these German and Byzantine envoys returned to Adrianople with the specific
terms of a treaty of peace, whose chief provisions were: (1) Isaac renounced
all claims to indemnity for the losses suffered from the crusading army in
Macedonia and Thrace. (2) 'For the crossing, either at Gallipoli or between
Sestus and Abydus, he shall furnish enough ships to transport the glorious
army of Christ . . .'; Frederick in turn promised to do no further damage
in any part of the Byzantine empire, and not to prevent any ships from going
on to Constantinople. (3) During the crossing all Byzantine galleys 'stationed
between Abydus and Constantinople' were to remain 'motionless on the beaches'.
(4) The Byzantine army was to keep a 'four days' march away from the army
of Christ and of the emperor of the Romans, for as long as the latter shall
be in the land of the former'. (g) 'In order that he may rest his expedition'
Frederick was to be given 'two cities near the shore, here and on the other
side'. (6) 'To assure the good faith of these promises, Isaac . . . shall
give the lord emperor eighteen very select hostages of royal blood, and of
the rank of duke' (the more important of these are named). 
(7) In case provisions were not supplied the army, it was to be free to act
on its own behalf except that no land is to be transferred 'to any heathen
ruler'. (8) 'The emperor of Constantinople was to be indulgent with all the
Greeks, Armenians, and Latins who have followed and served the most serene
emperor of the Romans'. (9) Exchange rates for money were fixed. (10) Markets
were to be provided the German army: 'The inhabitants shall sell to it at
as fair a price as they would be bound to sell to Isaac'. (11) 'The emperor
of Constantinople shall act as the lord emperor of the 
 23 Ansbert, p. 61, lines 3-10. 


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