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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (14.1 MB)


Page 93

Ch. III THE CRUSADES OF FREDERICK I AND HENRY VI 93 
gerode. The burggrave of Magdeburg was there, and Frederick of Berg, the
advocate (Vogt) of Passau and of the monastery of Melk. Burghers of Metz
joined later with the many 'ministerials and other chosen knights' to form
this terribilis et ordinata acies. There were backsliders of course who did
not keep their vows, or who went later. From the German point of view Philip
of France and Henry of England were the chief of these, but they numbered
also count Philip of Flanders, dukes Conrad Otto of Bohemia and Moravia,
Godfrey of Lower Lorraine, and Henry of Limburg, the bishops of Speyer and
Cambrai, and several counts, among others. There were some who chose to go
by sea rather than land, preferring the 'short voyage which reduced the element
of fear from hostile pagans' and 'lazily' awaiting the arrival of our forces
in one of the cities left to the Christians'. 
 The spirit of this army as it got on its way was tough. In the course of
the march it was purged of unwelcome elements and given a fairly tight organization.
When the inhabitants of Mauthausen, 'with novel and haughty pride, demanded
an unaccustomed toll of the passing pilgrims of Christ, even though crusaders,'
the emperor set fire to their village. At Vienna some five hundred prostitutes,
thieves, and wastrels were sent back to Germany. At the first major halt
of the whole army near Pressburg (Bratislava) it became evident that some
body of regulations would have to be set up to restrain 'so great a multitude
of sometimes licentious and insolent knights and servingmen'. These regulations,
drawn up in council, were sworn to by the whole army, and judges appointed
to enforce them. The hands of some bullies were cut off and the heads of
some thieves rolled. 
 At Nish the army was divided into four divisions 'so that whenever the enemy
should attack, they would not find Christ's knights unprepared and in disorder.'
The first division was composed of the troops of duke Frederick of Swabia,
bishop Conrad of Regensburg, margraves Berthold of Vohburg and Hermann of
Baden, and five Swabian and four Bavarian counts. Its standardbearer was
count Berthold of Nimburg. The second was the Bohemian and Hungarian division,
each group with its own standard-bearer. The third division was composed
of the troops of duke Berthold of Dalmatia and of the bishops of Wurzburg,
Liege, Passau, M√ľnster, Basel, and Osnabruck; the duke himself bore
the banner. The fourth was the imperial division drawn from the emperor's
own men and including the archbishop of Tarentaise, the bishop of Meissen,
count Florent of Holland, and some sixteen 


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