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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (14.1 MB)

Page 92

holy gospels, on behalf of their lord the king and of all the princes of
Greece, true and steadfast friendship for the lord emperor and the whole
army of Christ." It was agreed that the Greeks would give the crusaders
guides through Byzantine territory, furnish them with food and supplies at
regular markets, and provide transportation across the straits to Asia Minor.
To impress the Greek envoys the more, the three German princes "vowed
again that as long as the Greeks kept the agreement to which they had sworn,
the entrance of our men into their land would be peaceful and quiet."
To supervise the preparations for the reception of the crusading army, a
German embassy was sent ahead to Constantinople consisting of the bishop
Hermann of Munster, count Rupert of Nassau, his kinsman count Walram, Henry
of Dietz, and the imperial chamberlain, Markward of Neuenburg. Knowing what
happened to these promises and to these envoys, Ansbert cannot help but remark
of the Greeks at this point in his chronicle, "They lied . . . nothing
they vowed did they afterwards perform. . 
Neither the prudent emperor nor the simple and faithful legates knew 'that
they were being sent as sheep in the midst of wolves'."5 
 On St. George's day, April 23, 1189, the crusaders gathered for a diet at
Regensburg (Ratisbon) at which final arrangements were made. On the 11th
of May the German army, said to have been some one hundred thousand strong
and with a core of twenty thousand knights, set out on their crusade with
purses bulging with money, the emperor and a small number by boat, and the
rest along the banks of the Danube. In this stately procession were the leaders
of the German church and the German aristocracy. Headed by the two Fredericks,
father and son, there came from the church the bishops of Liege, Wurzburg,
Passau, Regensburg, Basel, Meissen, and Osnabrück, to whom were added
later the archbishop of Tarentaise and the bishop of Toul. The only abbot
to come was Isenric of Admont. The leaders among the aristocracy were Berthold,
the duke of Dalmatia and Meran (Croatia) and margrave of Istria, the margraves
of Vohburg and Baden, count Florent III of Holland and the counts of Sayn,
Sponheim, Cuyk, Wied, Berg, Saarbrücken, Abenberg, and Henneberg. From
Swabia came the counts of Ottingen, Kyburg, Dillingen, Nimburg, and Vohringen;
from Bavaria, the counts of Dollnstein, Liebenau, Dornberg, and Falkenstein;
from Saxony, count Adolf of Schaumburg and Holstein, and the counts of Oldenburg,
Hallermund, and Wöltin 
 5 Ansbert, p. 16, lines 12-14, 25-27. 

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