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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

III: The Crusades of Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI,   pp. 86-122 PDF (14.1 MB)


Page 87

III 
THE CRUSADES OF 
FREDERICK BARBAROSSA 
AND HENRY VI 
Saladin's reconquest of Syria and Palestine found the Christian world still
unable to cooperate. For over a century it had been officially divided into
western Roman Catholic and eastern Greek Orthodox halves which increasingly
looked upon each other with deep suspicion and distrust, and even with actual
hatred. Had these two divisions of the Christian world concerted their efforts,
after 
The Latin sources for the history of Frederick Barbarossa's crusade - the
so-called Ansbert's Historia de expeditione Friderici imperatoris, Historia
peregrinorum, Epistola de morte Friderici imperatoris, and Narratio itineris
navalis ad Terram Sanctam - have been edited with an important introduction
by Anton Chroust in the MGH, SS., n.s., V (Berlin, 1928). In this introduction,
as well as in his monograph Tageno, Ansbert, und die Historia peregrinorum
(Graz, 1892), Chroust discusses the interdependence among the Historia of
"Ansbert", the chronicle of Magnus of Reichersberg (MGH, SS., XVII,
476-528), and what is supposed to have been a diary of the crusade written
by Tageno, a member of the cathedral chapter of Passau. Supplementary details
of the crusade are to be found in the chronicle of the Slays by Arnold of
Lubeck (MGH, SS., XXI) and the chronicle of Otto of St. Blaise (Scriptores
. . . in usum scholarum, ed A. Hofmeister, 1912), among others. Pertinent
quotations from the most valuable of these sources, "Ansbert",
have been incorporated in this chapter; the translation used, with occasional
modifications, is an unpublished one by Chester E. Wilcox, to be found in
typescript in the library of the University of Nebraska. Identification of
persons and places rests largely on Chroust's excellent notes. 
 The chief Greek sources for the crusade is the history of Nicetas Choniates
(CSHB, Bonn, 1835; also RHC, Grecs, I, 319-337). Other materials useful in
writing the part of this chapter concerning Barbarossa include: Steven Runciman,
A History of the Crusades, III (Cambridge, 1954), 10-17; A. A. Vasiliev,
History of the Byzantine Empire (Madison, 1952); A. L. Poole in chapters
XII and XIV of the Cambridge Medieval History, V (1926); Z. N. Brooke, History
of Europe from 911 to 1198 (London, 1938); Louis Bréhier, L'Eglise
et l'orient au moyen-age: Les Croisades (Paris, 1928); René Grousset,
Histoire des croisades et du royaume franc de Jerusalem, III (Paris, 1936);
Karl Fischer, Geschichte des Kreuzzugs Kaiser Friedrichs I. (Leipzig, 1870);
W. von Giesebrecht (ed. and continued by Bernhard von Simson), Geschichte
der deutschen Kaiserzeit, VI: Die letzten Zeiten Kaiser Friedrichs des Rotbarts
(Berlin, 1895); Hans Prutz, Kaiser Friedrich I., III: 1177-1190 (Danzig,
1874); S. O. Riezler, "Der Kreuzzug Friedrichs I.," Forschungen
zur deutschen Geschichte, X (1870), 1-149; and two articles by Karl Zimmert
in the Byzantinische Zeitschrift: "Der Friede zu Adrianopel (Februar
1190)," XI (1902), 302-320, and "Der deutsch-byzantinische Konflict
vom Juli 1189 bis Februar 1190," XII (1903), 42-77. 
 For Henry VI's crusade: J. Hailer, "Kaiser Heinrich VI.," Hist.
Zeitschr., CXIII (ser. 3, XVII; 1914), 473-504; W. Leonhardt, Der Kreuzzugsplan
Kaiser Heinrichs VI. (Leipzig, 1913); Th. Toeche, Kaiser Heinrich VI. (Leipzig,
1867); and E. Traub, Der Kreuzzugsplan Kaiser Heinrich's VI. in Zusammenhang
mit der Politik der Jahren 1195-97 (Jena, 1910). 
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