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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

XVII: The Crusades Against the Hussites,   pp. 586-646 ff. PDF (24.0 MB)

Page 594

ing, and defending such heresies," with the usual addition that men fighting
this war for the cross would thereby expiate all their sins. The bull was
dated March 1 and had been sent from Florence (where pope Martin at this
time had taken refuge)17 directly to Breslau upon the request of Sigismund.
The king added, in several specific orders, the command that the armies entering
Bohemia should kill anyone practising such heresy and not immediately recanting.18
Sigismund's intentions had been expressed even earlier (on March 6) when
he ordered the public execution of twenty-three guild members of Breslau
who had, in July 1418, rebelled against the patrician city council. 19 Another
victim of an especially cruel public execution was a Prague citizen called
Krása who refused to recant his support of the teachings of Hus.20
 These actions were carefully watched at Prague, as well as by the one leading
Czech nobleman from whom Sigismund had expected support as long as he himself
and his family were not prevented from taking communion under both kinds:
Cenëk of Wartenberg. The baron was treated, by the king, with extreme
friendliness,21 but as soon as he left Breslau he joined in a solemn declaration
which the councillors of the Old and the New Town22 had issued after a meeting
on April 3, 23 making it clear that Bohemia's capital no longer considered
meek surrender to Sigismund's demands desirable. On the contrary, Prague
strengthened its defenses, and sent a message to all cities of the kingdom
condemning the crusading bull as "a vile and venomous serpent's egg hatched
by this church who had long before shown herself to be not a mother but a
vicious stepmother to the Czech people." Besides joining with the Prague
Hussites, radicals as well as moderates, in their opposition to Sigismund's
Breslau policy, Cenëk added the considerable power of the Hradcany castle.
Having renounced all fealty to Sigismund, he sent out on April 20 a manifesto
to all Bohemians and Moravians in which the king was characterized as "the
great enemy of the Czech kingdom and nation who wants cruelly to exterminate
it."24 In consequence, three days 
 17. Creighton, The Papacy, II, 138 ff. 
 18. U.B., I, 24—25, 28—29. 
 19. There is no proof that the rebellion of 1418 had any connection with
events in Bohemia. For details see Bartos, Husitskd revoluce, I, 85—86,
and the sources cited in his note 88. 
 20. Lawrence of Brezová, "Kronika husitská," ed. Goll, in
vol. V of Fontes rerum Bohemicarum (Prague, 1893), pp. 358—359 (cited
as Brezová). 
21. Windecke, Denkwürdigkeiten zur Geschichte Kaiser Sigismunds, ed.
Altmann (Berlin, 
1893), pp. 130—131 (cited as Altmann, Windecke). 
 22. Biezová, p. 363. 
 23. Heymann, Zizka, pp. 112—113. 
24. Archiv cesky, III, 210. 

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