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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

XVII: The Crusades Against the Hussites,   pp. 586-646 ff. PDF (24.0 MB)


Page 591

Ch. XVII THE CRUSADES AGAINST THE HUSSITES 591 
 Yet he decided otherwise, partly under the influence of his Hun garian advisers.
Having left Germany at the beginning of 1419 and arrived in Hungary in February
and at Buda in August, he was now involved in renewed trouble with the Turks.
They had gained a rather firm foothold in Bosnia and had invaded Hapsburg
(Habsburg) terri tories such as Styria. It seemed to him urgent first to
safeguard Hungary, especially since, at the time when he learned of Wenceslas's
death, the Hungarian nobility had already made preparations for defense against
the Ottomans. Whether there was—as is frequently assumed—a battle
near Nish in Serbia is somewhat doubtful.9 How ever, it seems that Hungarian
war preparations resulted temporarily in a reduction in Turkish activity,
probably even in an armistice. Thereupon Sigismund finally decided in favor
of establishing control over his new realm. In mid-December he arrived at
Brno in Moravia, to which a diet of the estates of the Bohemian crown had
been summoned. It was to be followed, in January 1420, by a Reichstag of
the Holy Roman empire, to be held—somewhat unusually—also within
the borders of the Bohemian realm, in Breslau, the leading city of Silesia.
 It was high time if Sigismund wanted to gain the throne of Bohemia. The
situation there was complex: splits had occurred not only between the Catholics
and the party of reform, but also be tween two wings of the Hussites. In
Prague, as well as in some regions south of it, a really revolutionary, radical
movement, later generally called Taborite, had become more and more active
and widespread, while other, more conservative groups, without giving up
the claim for lay access to the chalice, were reluctant to deviate strongly
from the Roman creed and ritual. Among the latter were some of the Utraquist
masters at the University, as well as some prominent members of the high
nobility, among whom the leading figure was the lord high burgrave Cenek
of Wartenberg, the chief official of the kingdom.10 He had been one of the
452 signatories of the protest note sent to Constance after Hus's execution,
and in the following years he had done everything in his power to arrange
for the ordination of Utraquist priests on his own estates and elsewhere
in Bohemia. 
 The queen-dowager Sophia—whom Sigismund had, upon learning of his
brother's death, appointed regent of the kingdom—had, still in 
9. Aschbach, Kaiser Sigmund, II, 404—412. 
10. Pekar, Zizka a jeho doba, III, 43 ff., and Bartos, Husitska revoluce,
I, 38 ff. 


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