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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462,   pp. 225-277 PDF (20.9 MB)


Page 276

 276 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
II was taking over the Morea, the inhabitants of Monemvasia accepted the
rule of a Catalan pirate, Lupo de Bertagna, who seems to have been plying
his dangerous trade for some years in Greek waters. 187 The Monemvasiotes
soon expelled Lupo, however, and sent an embassy to pope Pius II, asking
him to take over their seaboard stronghold, which he did to prevent its falling
into Turkish hands. 188 But the anxious Monemvasiotes were apparently no
more content with the rule of the pope than with that of the pirate, and
so they accepted the sway *of Venice in the forlorn hope that the republic
could protect thçm from the Turks. 189 Moreover, as the Venetians
were engaged jn the occupation of the castle town of Monemvasia, the senate
answered point by point a petition of the fugitive despot Thomas Palaeologus,
whose family had sought safety in the Venetian-held island of Corfu. Thomas
was trying to keep a foot in the castle gate, so to speak, and wanted various
assurances concerning the physical safety and trading rights of his erstwhile
subjects in Monemvasia. Indeed Thomas was especially anxious that the Monemvasiotes
should be protected against the return of the Catalan pirate Lupo de Bertagna.
190 Thus the decade which began 
preceding March a Venetian merchantman with a cargo worth 15,000 ducats had
been seized by two ships from Barcelona and sold with all its cargo at Rhodes
to Rhodians and Genoese (ibid., Mar, Reg. 4, fol. 6"). Constant vigilance
was required against Catalan enterprise in the Levant (ibid., fols. 10v-11r,
11v-12r, 13). 
 187. Cf. Mar, Reg. 1, fol. 122v, dated September 14, 1452: "Quia quidam
Luppus Cathellanus, qui se nutrit cum quadam sua fusta in aquis Nigropontis,
intulit maximum damnum quibusdam nostris civibus auferendo de quadam griparia
pannos multos non pauci valoris, mandetur . . . capitaneo [culphi] quod si
in hac via sua reperiret eundo vel redeundo illum Luppum procurare debeat
recuperandi ab eo mercationes nostrorum     
 188. Pius II, Commentari4 IV, ed. Frankfurt, 1614, pp. 103—104; Magno,
Estratti, in Hopf, Chroniques greco-romanes, pp. 203—204; Raynaldus,
Annales eccbesiastici, ad ann. 1460, nos. 56—59, vol. XIX (1693), pp.
54—56. 
 On February 27, 1461, Pius II confirmed all the privileges the Monemvasiotes
had previously possessed, and appointed Gentile de' Marcolfi their governor
(Arch. Segr. Vati cano, Miscellanea, Arm. IX, tom. 15 [Collett. per Città,
Terre, e Luoghi: Lett. M e N] , fols.  On July 10 (1461) the pope appointed
a Portuguese soldier, Lope de Valdaro, as "captain of the city of Monemvasia"
(Reg. Vat. 516, fol. 32r), and eleven days later, on July 21, he replaced
Marcolfi as governor with Francis of St. Anatolia, abbot of the monastery
of St. Nicholas of Aüxerre (Reg. Vat. 516, fols. 37v-39r). Cf. N. Iorga,
Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, II (Gotha, 1909), 94—95, and Miller,
Latins in the Levant, p. 448. 
 189. Magno, Estratti, in Hopf, Chroniques gréco-romanes, p. 204.
According to Raynal dus, Annales ecciesiastici, ad ann. 1462, no. 35, vol.
XIX (1693), p. 120, Monemvasia was occupied by the Turks between the period
of papal and that of Venetian domination: 
 at dissipata sunt ea consiia [i.e., the failure of the pope's plan to exploit
Monemvasia as a beachhead for sending 10,000 German troops into the Morea]
in Turcicam iterum missa Monobassia servitutem, quam deinde recuperatam a
Venetis, iterumque a Turcis, quibus hactenus paret expugnatam      
 190. Senatus Secreta, Reg. 21, fols. 103r-104r, dated August 12, 1462: ".
. . et maxi mamente da Lupo expresse sel volesse navegar ale nostre contrade
per danizar - . ." (fol. 


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