University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

V: The Morea, 1364-1460,   pp. 141-166 PDF (10.1 MB)

Page 150

150 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES III 19. Text in Delaville Le Roulx, Hospitaliers
a Rhodes, p. 380; 1385 is the probable dateof the document. 
Naples (1381—1386) and his son Ladislas (1386—1414) enjoyed in
the Morea was too shadowy to allow us to speak of a regular connection between
the Greek province and the Neapolitan court. The long succession of Angevin
bailies sent out from Naples now ceased. The Navarrese Company remained the
only organized power in the principality of Achaea, except the archbishopric
of Patras. The new arrivals did not displace certain older families, such
as the Zaccarias of Chalandritsa, the Le Maures of St.-Sauveur and Mes senian
Arcadia, and the Misitos of Molines. But the extensive estates of the heirs
of Nicholas Acciajuoli in Elis, westernmost Skorta, and Messenia passed into
Navarrese hands. Their most important posses sions of course were the estates
and castles of the princely domain, including the coastal fortresses of Kalamata
and Port-de-Jonc (Nava rino) in Messenia, close to the Venetian colony of
Modon and Coron. The town of Androusa, near the classical Ithome, overlooking
the rich plain of Kalamata, served as their headquarters and capital. The
imposing remains of its castle and aqueduct testify to its importance under
Frankish and Turkish rule. 
Although the Navarrese Company was the effective power in Achaea with which
all interested parties had to deal, it was not so independent as to be able
to scorn all claimants to the principality. It was certainly not nearly so
numerous or so powerful as the Catalan Company had been immediately after
its conquest of the Burgundian duchy of Athens, and even the Catalans had
felt it necessary to seek the protection of the Aragonese house of Sicily
and to accept their dukes therefrom. 
James of Les Baux had bequeathed his rights to Achaea and to the Latin empire
of Constantinople to his cousin Louis I of Anjou, the adopted son of the
late queen Joanna. Louis died in September of 1384, having failed to wrest
the kingdom of Naples from Charles III, but his widow, called Marie of Brittany,
claimed Achaea for her seven-year-old son, Louis II. This enterprising lady
thought of selling her son's rights to the Order of St. John, whose grand
master never gave up the scheme of establishing the Hospitallers on the Greek
mainland. Heredia promptly made contact with the Navarrese to learn on what
terms they would give up the princely castles and domains to his order. A
memorandum in the archives of Malta which records these conditions shows
how wary and demanding the real masters of the principality were.19 They
required proof that James of Les Baux had designated Louis I and his son
as his heirs along 

Go up to Top of Page