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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

V: The Morea, 1364-1460,   pp. 141-166 PDF (10.1 MB)

Page 144

arbitrary and violent acts in the Morea at the expense of Venetian citizens
led to strong representations by the senate to Philip and his bailie. John
Piacentini, the archbishop of Patras (137 1—1375), was so harassed
that he went to Venice in 1373 in order to place himself and his see under
the protection of the republic. The senate seemed ready to accept the offer
and also considered transferring Venetian trade from Glarentsa to Patras,
when Philip's death later in the same year (November 25) removed the cause
of the conflict. Patras was not to become Venetian until 1408. 
 As already noted, the remarkable career of Nicholas Acciajuoli came to an
end with his death in November 1365. In his princely testament of September
1359 he had provided handsomely for his three surviving sons, for his two
adopted sons, and for various spiritual bequests. He was buried in the Certosa
near Florence, in the imposing mausoleum which he had built for himself with
much care and lavish expense. 
 Nicholas's eldest son, Angelo, received the greater part of his vast possessions
in Italy and Greece, as well as the dignities of count of Melfi and grand
seneschal of the Regno. But the true successor to Nicholas Acciajuoli was
the masterful diplomat Nicholas Spinelli of Giovinazzo, chancellor of the
kingdom. Angelo even had difficulty keeping his titles and lands in Italy
in 1366—1367. 9 Being weak in Italy he could never be influential in
Greece. Although Robert of Taranto had conferred the castellany of Corinth
upon Nicholas as a hereditary fief, Philip granted it to Angelo only for
the latter's lifetime (November 7, 1366). Later, to be sure, while in Buda
(February 26, 1371), Philip regranted Corinth to Angelo as a heredi tary
fief along with the title of palatine; the prince thus rewarded Angelo for
his trouble and expense in accompanying him to Hun gary. However, it would
appear that effective possession of the strategic castellany had already
passed to Angelo's cousin Nerio. From the terms of the testaments of the
adoptive brothers it is clear that Angelo had long since pawned the castellany
to Nerio. Neither Angelo nor his three sons ever redeemed it. Pope Gregory
XI evi dently regarded Nerio as an independent lord when he addressed him
as dominus civitatis Corinthiensis in November 1372. The Corinthian barony
added to that of Vostitsa made Nerio master of the north eastern Morea. In
1374 he seized Megara from the declining Catalan duchy. By 1388 he was complete
master of Attica, including the Athenian Acropolis. 
(repr., II), 9; on Philip in Hungary, cf. Leonard, Angevins de Naples, p.
430, and Buchon, Nouvelles recherches, I, 118. 
9. Léonard, Angevins de Naples, p.416. 

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