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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

V: The Morea, 1364-1460,   pp. 141-166 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 143

Ch. V THE MOREA, 1364—1 460 143 
had been plotting the capture of Modon.5 In the next year the unlucky prince
of Galilee gave up completely the struggle to establish himself in the Morea.
At Naples on March 4, 1370, he and his mother reached an agreement with Philip
of Taranto whereby they re nounced their claim to Achaea in return for a
yearly pension of 6,000 forms. Marie's dower in the castellany of Kalamata
was excepted from the agreement, and she also continued to use the title
empress of Constantinople.6 
 Like his brother Robert, Philip II of Taranto was too deeply involved in
Neapolitan affairs to give much attention to the princi pality of Achaea.
Of mediocre ability, insubordinate to popes Urban V and Gregory XI as well
as to queen Joanna, feuding frequently with his sister Margaret's husband,
Francis of Les Baux, he was as little constructive in Italy as in Greece.
He unjustly withheld proper ties in Italy from Marie of Bourbon, who, apparently
impoverished by her Achaean venture, obtained the intervention of Urban V
against her brother-in-law.7 The practice of frequent appointments of bailies
in Achaea, some of whom were not native barons, con tributed nothing to the
stability of the principality. According to the Aragonese Chronicle (pars.
690—704) Philip sent or appointed one special emissary and seven bailies
(including Centurione I Zaccaria twice) in the Morea between 1364 and 1373.
One of these, Louis of Enghien, count of Conversano, apparently used his
position mainly in order to aid his brothers—John, count of Lecce,
and Guy, lord of Argos and Nauplia—in an abortive attempt in 1371 to
overthrow the Catalan duchy of Athens. 
 Philip's last bailie but one was a Genoese knight, Baithasar de Sorba. It
is likely that Philip made his acquaintance during his long visit (1369—1371)
at the court of Louis I the Great of Hungary, who had appointed Baithasar
admiral of Dalmatia.8 The new bailie's 
5. Hopf, in Ersch and Gruber, LXXXVI (repr., II), 9, and notes 66—72,
all citing the Misti del Senato. 
6. Ibid., p. 9, and note 74, citing the Angevin archives. Cf. E. Gerland,
"Bericht iiber Carl Hopfs litterarischen Nachiass," Byzantinische Zeitschrift,
VIII (1899), 350, note 1. 
Miller and Longnon give more elaborate accounts of the conflict between Philip
of Taranto and Hugh of Galilee for mastery of Achaea, using the Vita Caroli
Zeni by Jacopo Zeno (in Muratori, RISS, vol. XIX, part VI [Bologna, 1940—1941])
to supplement the Aragonese Chronicle (pars. 689—702). Although the
Chronicle is obviously wrong at several points, it is closer to the events
it describes. Romanin, Heyd, and Hodgson have pointed out the fictionalized
character of the Vita. There is no question, however, of Zeno's early connection
with Patras as a cathedral canon; cf. Lettres communes du Pape Urbain V 1362—1370,
ed. M. H. Laurent (vol. I, fasc. 2, Paris, 1955), no. 2207. 
7. Urban wrote to Philip July 7, 1367, and November 4, 1369: Lettres secretes
et curiales d'Urbain V (fasc. 3, Paris, 1954), nos. 2476, 2997. 
8. On Balthasar de Sorba's Hungarian service, cf. Hopf, in Ersch and Gruber,
LXXXVI 


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