University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

I: The Crusade in the Fourteenth Century,   pp. 2-26 ff. PDF (9.6 MB)


Page 14

14 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES III 17. On Peter I and the sack of Alexandria
see also below, pp. 353—357. 
everything in their power to enhance the cause of holy war against their
dangerous Moslem neighbors. Thus the island, which became an important trade
emporium for the Latins, also turned out to be a key point in crusading activities.
As a beginning, the Lusignan kings conducted several minor attacks on some
of the coastal towns of Mamluk Syria and Turkish Anatolia. Peter managed
indeed to cap ture the city of Adalia and some other smaller settlements
on the southern coast of Asia Minor, but these successes proved to be merely
modest forerunners to the sack of Alexandria in 1365.17 
 Peter's closest associates in the forthcoming fray were Peter [de] Thomas
and Philip of Méziêres, two of the outstanding figures in the
propaganda for the crusade. Peter Thomas became Latin patriarch of Constantinople
and apostolic legate for the east in 1364. Thence forth he devoted himself
to the twofold task of converting the Orthodox Greeks to the Roman creed
and promoting the cause of holy war against Moslems in the Levant. Realizing
the tenacity of the Greeks in matters of faith, he found it more advantageous
to dwell in Cyprus with a king who shared his aspirations and with his disciple
Philip of Mézières. 
 When these three champions of the crusade assembled in Cyprus, war with
the Moslems became a foregone conclusion. Peter's occupa tion of Adalia in
1361 only whetted the king's appetite for further and greater victories against
the Moslems in other fields. In order to ensure the success of his passagium
generale, the king embarked on a European tour to implore the sovereigns
of western Christendom for manpower and materiel. He sailed from Famagusta
in the company of the patriarch Peter Thomas and his chancellor Philip of
Méziéres on October 24, 1362. After a short halt at Rhodes,
where he was encouraged by the Hospitallers and their master Roger de Pins,
he landed with his suite at Venice on December 5, 1362. He had a royal reception
in the commune and obtained promises from the doge Lorenzo Celsi to supply
the crusade with indispensable galleys. The king then led a triumphant journey
through the north Italian towns of Mestre, Padua, Verona, Milan, Pavia, and
Genoa, where he spent more than a month to reconcile the Genoese and win
their sympathy and maritime aid for his project. Then he proceeded to Avignon,
the seat of pope Urban V, where he successfully carried out some important
negotiations under papal auspices with the French king John lithe Good, who
promised full support to the august visitor. The pope then officially declared
the crusade on April 14 and appointed cardinal Elias Talleyrand of Perigord
apostolic legate for 


Go up to Top of Page