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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
(1989)

VI: Social Evolution in Latin Greece,   pp. 175-221 PDF (18.9 MB)


Page 179

 Ch. VI SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN LATIN GREECE 179 
economic activity and demographic currents in this area after 1204. Although
the conquest resulted in a definite break in the political sphere, it did
not bring about a similar phenomenon in the social or economic field. Latin
Romania witnessed the encounter of various ethnic comisme contemporain, ser.
2, X (1956), 255—295, reprinted in his Studies on Latin Greece A.D.
1205—1 715 (London, 1977). Carile, La Renditafeudale nellaMorea latina
delXlVsecolo (Bologna, 1974), is a partly unsuccessful attempt to deal with
the society and the economy of the Morea; cf. Jacoby's review in Byzantinische
Zeitschrift, LXXIII (1980), 356—361. See also Carile, "Rapporti fra
signoria rurale e despoteia alla luce della formazione della rendita feudale
nella Morea latina del secolo XIV," Rivista storica italiana, LXXXVIII (1976),
548—570. 
 On the Aegean see Silvano Borsari, Studi sulle colonie veneziane in Romcznia
nel XIII secolo (Naples, 1966), which should be corrected and supplemented
by Jacoby, La Féodalité, part III, and "Catalans, Turcs et
Vénitiens" (both cited above). In addition to his synthesis on the
Venetian empire, Thiriet has published numerous articles, several of which
are now available in his Etudes sur la Romanie gréco-vénitienne
(Xe—XVe siècles) (London, 1977); see especially "La Condition
paysanne et les problèmes d'exploitation rurale en Romanie gréco-vénitienne,"
previously published in Studi veneziani, IX (1967), pp. 35—70, and
"Villes et campagnes en Crete vénitienne aux XIVe—XVe siècles,"
reprinted from Actes du lie Congrès international des etudes du sud-est
européen, II (Athens, 1972), 447-459. See also Borsari, IlDominio
veneziano a Creta nel XIII secolo (Naples, 1963), which includes numerous
excerpts of unpublished documents. Santschi has dealt in several studies
with legal problems in Crete; two of them are particularly relevant: La Notion
de 7eudum" en Crete vénitienne (XIIIe—XVe siècles) (Montreux,
1976), is useful on the status of military tenures in Crete, but mistaken
about "feudalism" in the island. Her study on "Quelques aspects du statut
des non-libres en Crete au XIVe siècle," Thesaurismata, IX (1972),
104—136, is partly based on unpublished sources; it requires emendation
on many points. Although dealing mainly with a later period, B. J. Slot,
Archipelagus turbatus: 
les Cyclades entre colonisation latine et occupation ottomane c. 1500-1718
(2 vols., Istanbul, 1982), proves useful for our purposes. 
 Setton has written on society in Catalan Greece in his Catalan Domination
and in "Catalan Society in the Fourteenth Century," Essays in Memory of Basil
Laourdas (Thessalonica, 1975), pp. 241—284. On the early years of the
Catalan Company in the duchy see Jacoby, "La ' Cornpagnie catalane' et l'état
catalan de Grèce: Quelques aspects de leur histoire," Journal des
Savants (1966), pp. 78—103. 
 Slavery in the eastern Mediterranean is treated in the recent work by Charles
Verlinden, L'Esclavage dans l'Europe médiévale, II (Ghent,
1977), which supersedes all his previous studies on the subject; see also
Elizabeth A. Zachariadou, Trade and Crusade: Venetian Crete and the Emirates
of Menteshe and Aydin (1300-1415) (Venice, 1983). 
 Various aspects of social, economic, and religious antagonism or accommodation
between the Latins and the Greeks have been treated in numerous publications
cited above and also recently in the following studies: Topping, "Viticulture
in Venetian Crete (XIIIth C.)," Fourth International Cretological Congress
(1976), Acta, II (Athens, 1981), 509—520; idem, "Co-existence of Greeks
and Latins in Frankish Morea and Venetian Crete," republished in his Studies
on Latin Greece. Thiriet, "La Symbiose dans les états latins formés
sur les territoires de la Romania byzantine (1202 a 1261); phénomènes
religieux," was, like the previous one, a paper for the XVe Congrès
international d'études byzantines, Rapports et co-rapports, I, sect.
3 (Athens, 1976); see also idem, "Eglises, fidèles et clergés
en Crete vénitienne (de Ia conquête 1204/1211 au XVe siècle),"
in Fourth International Cretological Congress, Acta, II, 484—500; in
addition, Fedalto, La Chiesa latina in Oriente, 1(2nd rev. ed.; Verona, 1981),
and III (mentioned above); Setton, The Papacy (cited above). See also Laiou,
"Quelques observations sur l'économie et la société
de Crete vénitienne (ca. 1270—ca. 1305)," in Bisanzio e l'Italia:
Raccolta di studi in memoria di Agostino Pert usi (Milan, 1982), pp. 177—198,
and her "Observations on the Results of the Fourth Crusade: Greeks and Latins
in Port and Market," Medievalia et humanistica, n.s., XII (1984), 


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