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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
(1989)

V: The Institutions of the Kingdom of Cyprus,   pp. 150-174 PDF (9.7 MB)


Page 153

Ch. V THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE KINGDOM OF CYPRUS 153 
Tyre, obtained from the barons the government of the kingdom in place of
his brother, who was declared incapable of ruling (1306).6 It was again the
liegemen who, on the death of Peter I, gave the regency to his brother John,
titular prince of Antioch, whose murder queen Eleanor brought about in 1375.
Was it a high court decision in 1426 to give the regency to cardinal Hugh
de Lusignan when his brother Janus was captured by the Egyptians? And was
there likewise such a decision in 1473 to grant Catherine Cornaro, the widow
of James II, the regency in the name of her infant son James III? 
 Aimery of Lusignan had joined the crowns of Cyprus and Jerusalem by marrying
Isabel, the widow of Henry of Champagne (11921197); the two crowns were separated
at his death in 1205. However, when Conradin of Hohenstaufen died in 1268,
Hugh III was acknowledged as his closest heir. From that time on the kings
of Cyprus were simultaneously kings of Jerusalem. When the Frankish possessions
in Syria were lost, Henry II had the idea of making Famagusta, which he endowed
with high walls and franchises, the reflection of his lost kingdom. The cross
of Jerusalem was displayed on his banners, on the seal of the bailiff of
the comerc, and on the coins struck in the town's mint. And after he had
been crowned king of Cyprus in Santa Sophia of Nicosia, each new king would
go to Saint Nicholas of Famagusta to receive the crown of Jerusalem, as late
as the year 1372.~ 
 A third crown devolved on the king of Cyprus at the death in 1393 of Leon
VI de Lusignan, king of Cilician Armenia. From then on the (de) Lusignans
bore the title "king of Latin Jerusalem [with the number in order of the
royal succession since Baldwin I], king of Cyprus, and king of Armenia".
It is not known, however, whether the fortress of Corycus, which the kings
of Cyprus held from 1360 to 1448, was regarded as forming part of the kingdom
of Cilician Armenia. 
 The Lusignans thus considered themselves entitled to confer the offices
and fiefs of each of their three kingdoms. They nominated a marshal of Armenia;8
after they received the crown of Jerusalem, they nominated a seneschal, a
constable, a marshal, a butler, and a chamberlain of Jerusalem; and after
they received the crown of Cyprus, 
 6. L. de Mas Latrie, "Texte officiel de l'allocution adressée par
les barons au roi Henri II pour lui notifier sa déchéance,"
Revue des questions historiques, XLIII (1888), 524—541. Cf. Charles
Perrat, "Un Diplomate gascon au XIVe siècle: Raymond de Pu nonce de
Clement V en Orient," Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire
de l'Ecolefrancaise de Rome, XLIV (1927), 1—58. 
 7. Richard, "La Situation juridique de Famagouste." 
 8. John de Tabarié (Tiberias) dead in 1402; a bastard of Peter de
Lusignan, the titular count of Tripoli, in 1432; see Machaeras, caps. 680—681.


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