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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
(1989)

V: The Institutions of the Kingdom of Cyprus,   pp. 150-174 PDF (9.7 MB)


Page 151

Ch. V THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE KINGDOM OF CYPRUS 151 
a church of the Latin rite in Cyprus. Although the heirs of Isaac Cornnenus
(d. 1195) still laid claim to the island until 1218, the actual rise of the
kingdom can be dated from 1197.' 
 Imperial suzerainty occasioned difficult years for Cyprus, when Frederick
II attempted to use his rights in order to nominate regents in 1228. King
Henry 1(1218-1253) was released from this dependency by Innocent IV in 1247,
and the kingdom was from then on fully independent; the pretender Hugh of
Brienne seems to have offered to become the vassal first of Charles I of
Anjou, king of Sicily, and then of James I, king of Aragon-Catalonia, in
exchange for their support, but without success.2 Some authors of crusading
plans (Pierre Dubois, Manuel Piloti) proposed to transfer sovereignty to
a prince who would be more useful for their plans. In 1303 there were plans
for having the pope make a son of Frederick of Sicily king of Cyprus, in
exchange for the 
ologie de Beyrouth, Bibliothèque archeologique et historique, 73;
Paris, 1962); "Un Evêque d'Orient latin au XIVe siècle: Guy
d'Ibelin, O.P., évêque de Limassol, et l'inventaire de ses biens,"
Bulletin de correspondance hellénique, LXXIV (1950), 98—133;
"Une Famille de ' vénitiens blancs' a Chypre au milieu du XVe siècle:
les Audeth et la seigneurie de Marethasse," Miscellanea in onore di Agostino
Pertusi (Rivista internazionale di studi bizantini e slavi, I [1981], 89—129);
and Le Livre des remembrances de Ia secrete dii royaume de Chypre pour 1468—1469
(Nicosia, 1983). See also Francesco Balducci Pegolotti, Pratica della mercatura,
ed. Allan Evans (Cambridge, Mass., 1936). 
 Among the studies of institutions, I might be permitted to cite my own articles,
now reprinted in Orient et Occident au moyen age, contacts et relations (London,
1976), and Les Relations entre l'Orient et l'Occident au moyen age (London,
1977): "Paine d'Orient latin: les quatre baronnies des royaumes de Jerusalem
et de Chypre," RHDFE, ser. 4, XXVIII (1950), 67—88 (Orient et Occident,
no. 15); "La Revolution de 1369 dans le royaume de Chypre," Bibliothèque
de l'Ecole des chartes, CX (1952), 108—123 (Orient et Occident, no.
16); "La Situation juridique de Famagouste dans le royaume des Lusignans,"
Praktikon tou protou diethnous Kyprologikou Synedriou, II (Nicosia, 1972),
221 —229 (Orient et Occident, no. 17); "Chypre du protectorat ala domination
vénitienne," Venezia e il Levante fino al secolo X~ ed. Agostino Pertusi,
1-2 (Florence, 1972), 657—677 (Les Relations, no. 12); as well as books
and articles cited in chapter vi of volume V of the present work, "Agricultural
Conditions in the Crusader States." 
On ecclesiastical institutions see below, note 57. A chapter on institutions
of the Lusignan kingdom will appear in the History of Cyprus, to be published
by Archbishop Makarios III Foundation, Nicosia. 
 1. On the date of Guy's death see Richard, "L'Abbaye cistercienne de Jubin
et le prieuré 
Saint-Blaise de Nicosie," Epeteris of the Center of Scientific Research,
Nicosia, p. 70 (repr. in 
Richard, Orient et Occident, no. 19). On the claims of Isaac's heirs see
Heinrich Fichtenau, 
"Akkon, Zypern und das Losegeld für Richard Löwenherz,"Amhivfür
österreichische Geschichte, 
CXXV (1966), 11—32; Rudt de (von) Collenberg, "L'Empereur Isaac de
Chypre et sa fIle (1155— 1207)," Byzantion, XXXVIII (1968), 124—177;
Walther Hubatsch, "Der Deutsche Orden und die 
Reichslehnschaft Uber Cypern," Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften
in Göttingen 
(Philologisch-historische Klasse, 1958), pp. 245—306. 
 2. Les Registres de Grégoire X et de Jean XXI, ed. Jean Guiraud,
E. [Leon] Cadier, and Guillaume Mollat (Paris, 1892—1960), p. 343 (no.
832); Elena Lourie, "An Offer of the Suzerainty and Escheat of Cyprus to
Alphonse III of Aragon," English Historical Review, LXXXIV (1969), 
101—108. 


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