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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XIII: The Growth of the Latin States, 1118-1144,   pp. 410-447 PDF (15.6 MB)


Page 417

Ch. XIII THE GROWTH OF THE LATIN STATES 417 
mobilized his forces and advanced to meet him, Tughtigin retired to his own
country. Thereupon, Baldwin advanced southward and invested and captured
Jarash, a fortress constructed by Tughtigin the preceding year. Following
its capture, the Franks razed it (July iizi) because of the prohibitive cost
and difficulty of maintenance. 
 The signal victories gained by the Franks over tl-Ghãzi and Tughtigin
continued throughout the summer of I 121 and were augmented by the revolt
of Sulaiman against his father. Taking advantage of the opportunity thus
presented to them, the Franks invested, captured, and fortified Zardanã
(August—September) and, advancing on Aleppo, inflicted a serious defeat
on the defenders. Baldwin then besieged and captured the citadels of Khunã~irah
(Khãna~ir), Burj Sibnã, Naqirah, and al-Alia~. Sulaiman in
alarm sent an envoy to Baldwin and proposed peace, but the parleys broke
down over Baldwin's insistence that al-Athãrib be surrendered to him.
The king then besieged al-Athãrib but returned to Antioch after only
three days. tl-Ghazi and Sulaimãn presently composed their differences
(November 1121), and the former effected a temporary peace with the Franks,
whereby he once more surrendered the territories which they had held when
they were the masters of al-Athãrib and Zardanã. 
 Despite the signal defeats inflicted upon him by the Franks, t1-Ghazi resumed
the offensive. Taking advantage of Baldwin's absence — Pons' reluctance
to recognize Baldwin as his overlord required the king's presence in Tripoli
to exact his submission — he returned to Syria at the end of June 1122
accompanied by Belek.7 tl-Ghãzi besieged some of the Frankish fortresses,
among them Zardanã, on July 27. Upon receipt of the news from Zardanã's
lord, Baldwin summoned Joscelin to his aid. The two chieftains, in company
with the Antiochene leaders, marched against IiGhazI. The Moslems withdrew,
whereupon Baldwin returned to Antioch. The Moslems then resumed the siege,
but again withdrew in simulated flight on the approach of Baldwin. When the
king refused to be tricked by their maneuver, tl-GhazI, who had in the meantime
been struck down by apoplexy, retired from Zardana with the other Moslem
leaders in September. Before they 
 ~ Kamal-ad-Din (RHC, Or., III), p. 632; William of Tyre, XII, 77. A. C.
Krey, William of Tyre, I, 539, note 55, comments as follows, "Perhaps the
campaign represented an effort by Baldwin II to extend his authority over
Tripoli and to make himself real ruler of all the Latin states of Syria.
His regency of Antioch together with the personal dependence of Joscelin
of Edessa upon him created a favorable opportunity for such a move. The basis
of his demand upon Pons was the homage which Bertram had shown to Baldwin
I in I 109     


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