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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 392

392 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES I 
tions of the Byzantines, and his wars against them wrecked whatever chance
the crusading movement may have had to realize the apparent hope of pope
Urban, a new understanding between Latin and Greek Christendom. 
 Let us now return to Tancred when Bohemond left him as re gent of Antioch
in 1104. He had now to rebuild his power. He appointed as his governor at
Edessa his kinsman, Richard of Salerno (also known as Richard of the Principate).
Thus Edessa became for a time a dependency of Antioch although king Bald
win in Jerusalem had originally given it to Baldwin of Le Bourg. Tancred
attacked Ridvan of Aleppo in the spring of 1105. He took the key fortress
of Artãh, completely shattering an army Ridvan led to its relief,
and then scoured the country, capturing Tall Aghdi and Sarmin, and threatening
Aleppo itself. Ridvan was dismayed. He seems to have made a submission to
Tancred for he gave no more trouble for five years. In 1 106 Tancred took
the powerful fortress of Apamea. He could now threaten the important emirate
of Hamah, to the south of Aleppo. He also gained prestige by marrying Cecilia,
a natural daughter of king Philip I of France, a bride sent him by Bohemond.
 The young regent of Antioch set out to regain what had been lost to the
Byzantines in 1104. He attacked Mamistra, the key to Cilicia, in the year
1107, when Bohemond was attacking Dyr rachium. Apparently he took it late
in 1107 or early in 1 108, and then moved south to recapture Latakia, the
chief port of his principality. By the spring of 1 108 Tancred had regained
nearly all that Bohemond had lost, and he was overlord of Edessa in addition.
It is true that Bohemond in the treaty of Deabolis in 1 108 had recognized
Alexius as suzerain lord of Antioch, but Tancred treated the emperor's claims
with contempt. Bohemond was partly responsible for Tancred's success, as
his attack in Albania drew off Byzantine troops toward the west. 
 If Tancred, regent of Antioch and overlord of Edessa, felt in 1 108 that
he was at the height of good fortune after his Cilician victories, he was
due to be rudely disillusioned by the loss of Edessa. It is at this point
necessary to review the history of Edessa up to 1108. We have seen that Baldwin
of Boulogne be came its ruler in 1098. When he took over Jerusalem in 1100
he gave Edessa to his kinsman, Baldwin of Le Bourg. The latter im mediately
strengthened his position in Edessa in several ways. He married an Armenian
princess, Morfia, daughter of the wealthy Gabriel (Armenian, Khöril)
of Melitene. He received Basil, patri 


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