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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)

Page 380

held together the tiny state. His reputation rests upon a solid foundation
of achievement. 
 When Godfrey died the patriarch Daimbert had his great opportunity to make
Jerusalem a church-state. He should have gone to Jerusalem at once. But suspecting
no danger he remained with Tancred, who was undertaking the siege of Haifa,
until about July 25.16 Meanwhile a group of Lotharingian knights, hitherto
obscure, seized the Tower of David, the citadel of Jerusalem, and summoned
Godfrey's brother, count Baldwin I of Edessa. Their leader was Warner of
Gray, a cousin of Baldwin. High in their counsels was archdeacon Arnulf,
bitter against Daimbert and from this time on the firm ally of Baldwin. Daimbert,
when he realized his peril, sent an appeal to Bohemond of Antioch, his nominal
vassal, to stop Baldwin, by force if necessary. The message never reached
Bohemond. That redoubtable prince was captured in the middle of August by
the Turkish chieftain, Malik-Ghãzi ibn-Danishmend of Sebastia, in
an ambush on the road to Melitene (Malatya).'7 Meanwhile Daimbert remained
with Tancred. He promised the latter the fief of Haifa when Tancred became
suspicious that Godfrey had promised it to another, Galdemar Carpinel. Daimbert
and Tancred, both ambitious men, must each have had hopes of becoming the
dominant figure in Jerusalem. Certainly victory would have made them rivals.
But for the time they cooperated. Meanwhile Tancred was tied down by the
siege of Haifa, where he had the indispensable but temporary help of a Venetian
blockading squadron. At the same time the little group of Lorrainers remained
in control in Jerusalem. 
 When Haifa was taken in August Tancred delayed a little, establishing himself
there. During the next month he was suddenly called to Latakia by cardinal
Maurice of Porto, newly arrived as papal legate. Maurice, and the commanders
of the Genoese fleet that had brought him, invited Tancred, about September
25, to assume the regency of Antioch in the emergency created by the capture
of Bohemond.18 But Tancred, rather than trying to seize Antioch, whose authorities
after all had not invited him, hurried back to Palestine where he had more
pressing business. This time he went to the gates of Jerusalem and demanded
entrance. He was refused because he would not swear allegiance to Baldwin.
16 For an excellent discussion of Daimbert's position upon arrival see J.
Hansen, Das 
Problem eines Kirchenstaates in Jerusalem (Luxemburg, 1928), pp. 29—77.
17 See above, chapter V, p. 164. 
 18 Caffaro, Liberatio civitatum orientis (RHC, 0cc., V), p. 59, and Annales
lanuenses (MGH, SS., XVIII), pp. "—' 2. 

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