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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)


Page 377

Ch. XII THE FOUNDATION OF THE LATIN STATES 377 
taken about eighty knights and had begun to carve out a domain in northern
Palestine, the future principality of Tiberias. Within a year Tancred controlled
Nablus, Tiberias, Baisan, and Haifa. His domain served as a march over against
Damascus. In the west Godfrey promised Arsuf as a fief to Robert of Apulia.
In the south, according to Albert of Aix, he gave a large fief called St.
Abraham, centering around Hebron, to Gerard of Avesnes. This all agrees with
the statement in one manuscript of the chronicle of Baldric of Dol that Godfrey's
own domain extended north to Nablus, south to St. Abraham, and eastward to
the Jordan and Dead Sea. It included the city of Jerusalem and the port of
Jaffa. Stevenson has remarked that the countryside lent itself to the establishment
of manorial holdings, that the natives, accustomed to foreign masters, lived
in small villages whose headmen were easy to coerce." 
 Godfrey's position in the realm was therefore seriously challenged when
Bohemond of Antioch, Baldwin of Edessa, and archbishop Daimbert of Pisa came
to Jerusalem. Bohemond had a considerable army and Daimbert a badly needed
fleet at his disposal. Godfrey was very weak by land and sea, and had just
given up a heartbreaking siege of Arsuf when these guests arrived. 
 Daimbert and Bohemond immediately reopened the question of the patriarchate
of Jerusalem. Arnulf of Chocques, chaplain of duke Robert of Normandy, had
been chosen patriarch on August i by the influence of the princes favorable
to Godfrey. This was over the objections of those of the clergy who felt
that the patriarch should be the ranking official in a state dedicated to
the Holy Sepulcher, and that there should be a lay advocate or defender ~s
his assistant. Arnulf was instead willing to be the assistant of the lay
advocate, Godfrey. Daimbert and Bohemond now insisted that Arnuif, as yet
unconfirmed by the pope, step down and that Daimbert be chosen in his place.
Daimbert apparently acted on his own responsibility, for Krey has shown that
he does not seem to have been sent out by the pope either as a legate or
as a prospective patriarch. Behind Daimbert were two compelling arguments,
the Pisan fleet and the military forces of Bohemond. As a result Arnuif was
ousted and Daimbert installed. Bohemond and 
 " Albert of Aix, pp. 532, 5i6; Baldric of Dol (RHC, 0cc., IV), p. iii, MS.
G.; W. B. Stevenson, The Crusaders in the East (cambridge, 1907), p. 37.
The best study of the manorial organization of the kingdom is H. G. Preston,
Rural Conditions in the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Philadelphia, 1903), pp. 5—17.
A subsequent volume in this work will contain a chapter on agricultural conditions
in the kingdom by Jean Richard. See now also Richard, Le Royaume latin de
Jerusalem (Paris, 1953), pp. 8off., 113 if. 


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