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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XI: The Crusade of 1101,   pp. [342]-367 PDF (10.9 MB)


Page 365

Ch. XI THE CRUSADE OF 1101 365 
the recent crusading armies: Stephen of Blois, Stephen of Burgundy, Hugh
of Lusignan, Geoffrey of Vendôme, Conrad, and others. Stephen of Blois
advised caution but his sound advice was flouted now as it had been earlier
by the Lombards; his flight from Antioch had stamped him as a coward whose
counsel was overly timid. 
 When Baldwin discovered the size of the Egyptian army it was too late to
retreat. He and his knights charged impetuously and with some momentary success.
But against tremendous odds they could do little more. Those who survived
the first onslaught fled, some to Jaffa, Baldwin and others to Ramla. This
was on May 17. That night Baldwin escaped and two days later reached Arsuf.
The remnants of his band sought refuge in a tower in Ramla. The Egyptians
broke into the city and attempted to fire the tower. After enduring heat
and smoke for two days the Christians sallied forth to sell their lives as
dearly as possible. After a desperate melee they were overwhelmed. Most of
the knights were killed — Hugh of Lusignan, Miles of Bray, Geoffrey
of Vendôme, and Stephen of Blois, whose death did something to brighten
a tarnished reputation.35 
 A few were carried off into Egypt as captives. Among these were Conrad,
whose prowess had impressed the enemy, and Odo Arpin. They were kept at Cairo
for three years and then released through the intercession of Alexius. Both
returned to Europe, Conrad to serve his emperor again and Odo Arpin to enter
Cluny in gratitude for his deliverance.36 From various bits of evidence we
learn of the eventual return to Europe of other pilgrims: 
William of Nevers, who later refused to go on the Second Crusade in 1147;
Hugh Bardulf; and a number of prelates — Hugh of Lyons and the bishops
of Soissons and Laon. The only person of importance whom we know to have
remained in the east was J oscelin of Courtenay, later to become count of
Edessa. 
 Judged by any standards, the Crusade of 1101 had been a failure. Of the
thousands who had marched eastward only a few hundreds reached Jerusalem;
still fewer stayed on to give B aidwin the help he had hoped for. Their one
achievement was the capture of Tortosa; their one battle for Baldwin, that
at Ramia, 
 35 Fulcher of Chartres, ii, xvii—xx (pp. 436—446); Albert of
Aix, IX, i—vi (pp. 595—594); William of Tyre, X, xx—xxii
(pp. 429—435); Bartoif of Nangis, lviii (pp. 533—535), who gives
judgment on Stephen; Ibn-al-Athir, A. H. 4~5, pp. 253—254; William
of Malmesbury IV, 384 (II, 448—450); Ordericus Vitalis, X, xxi (pp.
132—136). 
 36 Albert of Aix, IX, viii (p. 595), and X, xxxix (p. 649); Guibert of Nogent,
VII, xxiv (p. 245); Ordericus Vitalis, X, xxii (pp. 137—139); Ibn-al-Athir,
p. 254. 


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