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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XI: The Crusade of 1101,   pp. [342]-367 PDF (10.9 MB)


Page 363

Ch. XI THE CRUSADE OF 1101 363 
lowers as they could muster, Antioch served as a new rendezvous. During the
autumn and winter, stragglers who had fled overland from the defeats in southern
Asia Minor were joined by those fugitives from the first army who had returned
to Constantinople and had come on from there by ship to St. Simeon. By the
end of February 1102 the newly formed band, which included Albert of Biandrate,
Conrad, Stephen of Blois, Stephen of Burgundy, William of Aquitaine, Weif,
Raymond of Toulouse, and a number of prelates, was ready to depart.3°
 Raymond's welcome had been less than cordial. Landing at Longiniada, he
had been seized by Bernard the Stranger and delivered to Tancred at Antioch.
The charge was that Raymond had betrayed his comrades to the Turks; the real
reason lay in the feud between Raymond and Bohemond, and the anxiety with
which Tancred viewed Raymond's arrival with a band of warriors and the backing
of Alexius. The crusading princes interceded for Raymond as they had earlier
at Constantinople, and the Latin patriarch, Bernard, added his pleas. Tancred
then released his prisoner, first exacting from Raymond a solemn oath that
he would not attack any territories between Antioch and Acre. 
 The crusaders, thanking Tancred for his kindness, marched southward with
Raymond in their band. With the aid of a Genoese fleet they attacked Tortosa
and after a short siege captured the city. Anxious to get on to Jerusalem,
the pilgrims gave the city into the custody of Raymond, who remained there.
If Albert's description of the oath is accurate, this constituted an early
breach of the agreement; perhaps the chronicler was wrong in believing that
Tancred's interest extended so far south as Acre. At any rate, Tortosa was
to be the base for further operations on count Raymond's part, leading ultimately
to the foundation of the county of Tripoli.3' 
 Duke Weif of Bavaria had avoided the siege, going to Jerusalem in the company
of Reginald of Burgundy, the brother of count Stephen who had come out earlier.
Reginald died on the journey, but Weif performed his devotions at the Holy
Sepulcher. He then. 
 30 Fuicher of Chartres, II, xvi (p.~~~); Albert of Aix, VIII, xli (p. 582);
Bartoif of Nangis, lvii (p. 532); Radulf of Caen, cxlvii (p. 709). Albert
puts the date "mense Martio inchoante". Hagenmeyer, "Chronologie ... du royaume
de Jerusalem," no. 629, puts it at "about February io". 
 31 Albert of Aix, VIII, xlii (p. 582); Matthew of Edessa, xxii (pp. 57,
58); Fulcher of 
Chartres, ii, xvii (pp. 433—435); William of Tyre, X, xiii (p. 418);
Caffaro, xxiii (p. 69). 
Albert says Bernard captured Raymond at St. Simeon, but this is evidently
an error for 
Longiniada. See Cahen, La Syrie du nord a l'époque des croisades (Paris,
1940), pp. 232, 
note so, and 233, note 12. On count Raymond and the establishment of the
county of 
Tripoli, see below, chapter XII. 


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