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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

IX: The First Crusade: Constantinople to Antioch,   pp. 280-[307] PDF (10.5 MB)


Page 302

 302 AHISTORY OFTHE CRUSADES I 
at Tarsus to ask for his help, which, now that Baldwin had left the province,
was willingly given. With Guynerner's help Alexandretta was captured. Tancred
garrisoned it, then marched over the Amanus mountains to join the crusading
army just as it arrived before Antioch. 
 The Cilician diversion had not been entirely valueless. The presence of
Frankish garrisons in the principal towns of eastern Cilicia prevented the
district from being used by the Moslems as a base for relieving Antioch,
and helped to put a wedge between the Syrian and the Anatolian Turks. But
it had revealed how precarious was the friendship between the more ambitious
princes of the crusade. The natives, Christian and Moslem alike, learned
that they could be played off one against another.21 
 Unlike Tancred, Baldwin did not again join the main crusade. He spent only
a few days at Marash with his brothers. After his wife had died he set out
again eastward, with the Armenian Pakrad to advise him. A smaller company
than before traveled with him. Perhaps his brothers would not spare so many
men, with the siege of Antioch in view, or perhaps his own popularity had
suffered as a result of the affair at Tarsus. He now had only a hundred horsemen.
As chaplain he took with him the historian, Fuicher of Chartres. While the
main army moved southwest toward Antioch he turned southeastward to Aintab
(Gaziantep). As he journeyed he managed, with Pakrad's help, to get into
touch with the Armenians of the neighborhood and their princes. Everywhere
the Armenians welcomed him as a liberator. The Syrian Jacobites, who formed
the rest of the population, were more doubtful but did not oppose him. The
only important Moslem lord of the district, the Turk Balduk, emir of Samosata,
made only half-hearted efforts to oppose him. Two local Armenian lords, whom
the Latins called Fer and Nicusus, joined their small levies to the Franks.
With their help Baldwin captured the two main fortresses between Aintab and
the Euphrates, Ravendan and Tell Bashir, known to the Latins as Ravendel
and Turbessel. Ravendan was given to Pakrad to hold under Baldwin's suzerainty
and Tell Bashir to Fer. 
 While Baldwin was at Tell Bashir an embassy reached him from 
21 The story of the Cilician expeditions is given by Albert of Aix, III,
5—17 (RHC, 0cc., 
IV, 342—350), by Raduif of Caen, xxxii—xlvii (RHC, 0cc., III,
629—64!), and, briefly, in the 
Gesta, IV, 10. All these accounts are hostile to Baldwin. For Toros, Gabriel,
and Oshin, see 
Laurent, "Des Grecs aux crois~s," pp. 405—410, and "Les Arméniens
de Cilicie," pp. 159—168. 
Pakrad's connection with Baldwin is mentioned by Albert of Aix, III, ' 7
(RHC, 0cc., IV, 
350—35!). William of Tyre, VII, 5 (RHC, 0cc., I), identifies him as
Kogh Yasil's brother. 


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