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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times. Supplement: The truth about Italy.
No. 1133. Vol. XXI. No. 66 (June 9, 1915)

The continental times: No. 1133, Vol. XXI, No. 66, June 9, 1915


No. 1133. Vol, XXI. No. 66.
THE CONTINENTAL TIMES.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9, 1Q15.
WAR DIARY.
May 31st. 1915.
The German note replying to President
Wilson's on the Lusitania case has been
delivered  and  published.  It is a rath* r
curious document, and I doubt whether it
will bave the desired effect. Evidently it is a
compromise between two opposing currents:
it seems that the navy insists upon unrestric-
te-I continuation of submarine warfare and
that the foreign office wants to gain time
for further negotiations with Washington, in
the hope that time might help to alleviate
the excitement which is running high in
America. This would explain why the note
is couched in terms which are criticised by
some as meek excuses and arguments, while
Americawillonly hear the refusal to the explicit
demand that submarine warfare as practised
up to the present time should  cease.  Of
course, the German press is very careful and
moderate in its criticism of the note while it
is not at all careful or moderate in its attacks
upon the United States which does not con-
tribute to reach the 'goal set by the foreign
office.  American circles which know  the
feeling prevailing in Washington just now,
are very much afraid that th ngs will take a
sinister turn. This deplorable state of affairs
is certainly not improved by the fact that
Count Bernstorff and secretairy Bryan have
exchanged note; which gradually become
personal and agressive in tone while the ac-
tivity displayed by Dr. Dernburg in America
is more and more initating the administration
and other circles.  When one side is so
much aroused that it is no more able to
discuss facts and conditions quietly but in-
sists upon principles without listening to ar-
guments, trouble is always brewing. It is
really too bad that this war has also put an
end to German-American friendship which
had been the highly cherished ideal of many
well-meaning persons on both sides of the
ocean. And to think that ultimately only
the greediness of some American manufac-
turers and America's formerly undreamed of
dependence upon England are at the bottom
of the whole abominable business, makes one
almost despair.
Is it a sign of the times that the stream of
Americans registering their names and re-
newing their passports at the Ameican
Embassy, is again daily increasing after it
had almost ceased for a long while?
June Ist. 1915.
A number of German papers begin to
discuss the question whether England and
America have already formed an alliance or,
at least, whether they have long ago arrived
at a7-secret -mderstarrding-in cae of war
between England and Germany which would
explain the one-sided attitude of the American
government. Indeed, the policy pursued by
the American government since the beginning
of the war has been "so unduly severe
towards Germany and so unduly weak
towards England", as an American friend of
mine expressed himself, that such a con-
clusion is inevitable.  I for one do not
believe that any formal or informal under-
standing between the two governments exists.
No American administration could afford to
bind the American government and people
internationally in any way except by a formal
treaty or convention ratified by the senate
or 4y both houses of congress as the con-
stitution might require. Even secret under-
I Schaefer's Apotheke
JTheInternationalPharmacy
Berlin W., Kleiststr. 34. Tel. Amt Lzw., 1332.
American prescriptions carefully made up.
-6-89DO - -------*
standings of such kind which could under
no circumstances bind another administration
if entered into by its predecessor, would
have to be confided to the members of the
committees on foreign affairs of both houses
of congress and would gradually leak out.
But it is quite probable that the leading
spirit of one administrations leaves, in the
shape of a momorandum or promemoria, as
a guide for future presidents and secretaries
of state, certain directions for specified cases
which assure a sort of consistency in the
international politics of the United States,
regardless of party affiliation or changing
administrations. I know, for instance, that
Theodore Roosevelt, while posing as Ger-
many's best friend, at the outbreak of the
Russo-Japansse war, dictated a memorandum
destined to be confidentially used as a guide
for government representatives, members of
the commitees on foreign affaires of both
houses and editorial writers of the public
press, in which he laid down the course
to be pursued by America in the conflict.
President Roosevelt surely expected at that
time that the war' would spread and involve
France and Germany on the Russian and
England on the Japanese side, which would
be the signal for America to join England
::nd Japan.  The  very  existence  of this
memorandum explains to a certain degree
the impudent attitude of England and Japan
towards America and the weakness displayed
by President Wilson's administration in the
face of British and Japanese aggressiveness,
coupled with unseemly "firmness" towards
Germany.
June 2nd 1915.
Stockholm papers contain the story of an
American Swede who returned from New
York on a steamer leaving three hours after
the Lusitania, which he had boarded just
before her departure to bid a friend good
bye.   He states that he witnessed himself
how all passengers were warned in time not
to travel on a ship belonging to a belligerent
power and carrying, besides ammunition of
war and high explosives, a number of
Canadian recruits. The passengers, with few
exceptions, decided to heed the warning and
to leave the ship when Captain Turner put
in an appearance, assured them that they
could travel in perfect safety, that every
precaution had been taken and reduced the
passage price ten dollars a ticket.  Only
twelve persons were wise enough to cling
to their first.resolution, and left the ship.
The rest relied upon British promises, re-
mained on board and went down with the
ship. This story is as revolting as it is pa-
thetic, an  everlasting, burning  shame tor
iions andToTAifericins- whoake  e part
of England inspite of the ever increasing
evidence  establishing  the  fact that the
catastrophe of the Lusitania was the result
of a plot conceived and carried out in cold
blood by the British government and the
Cunard management sacrificing ship and
crew and passengers in order to sow the
seed of strife and hatred between America
and Germany. A blacker, more devilish plot
the world has never seen; only Englishmen
are able to plan it and carry it out. And, I
am sorry to say, only Americans are capable
of being deceived by it.
That this is not mere imagination run wild,
is further evidenced by a statement published
by Captain Hobson, member of Congress
and, during the Spanish - American war.
commander of the collier "Merrimac" which
was sunk by him to close the entrance of
San Juan harbor and to bottle up Cervera's
fleet. It will be remembered that lieutenant
Hobson at that time earned his nickname as
"kissing Hobson" by the heroism with which
he braved the onslaught of hundreds of
women, old and young, who wanted to kiss
him for his valor.   Mr. Hobson who is
since a number of years representing in con-
gress a Texas district, if I am not mistaken,
has declared that a widowed cousin of his
wanted to buy a ticket for the Lusitania but
was warned by the Cunard official, an old
friend of hers, not to do it because the line
had received special orders from the ad-
miralty.  The lady, however, had to pro-
mise not to speak of it to anybody.  Mr.
Hobson, who byi the way, is no friend of
Germany, adds to his story this very per-
tinent question: why did not the Cunard
Line give the same advice to all passengers,
for humanitarian feasons, if for no other?
He continues: "Why, instead of this, has the
Cunard Line loa ed the steamer with pas-
sengers, among them many prominent Ame-
ricans whose dealt must unnerve the Ame-
can people?   W ;y did it not prescribe the
safe route around the north coast of Ireland?
Why did the Lusitania travel in the danger
zone with a speed of only 17 knots? Why
could one single torpedo do away with this
giant ship within twrenty minutes? Everybody
who knows something of the business, must
know that indeed some "interior" reason
for it must have existed. Why was the ship
without escort?  Why had no preparations
been taken by coast stations for an emer-
gency? How was it possible that so many
lives coAld be lost on a clear day ard a
quiet sea?"
And why, in t1e name of humanity and
justice and fairness, have not these questions
been asked of the Cunard people and the
British government by President Wilson and
the American people before they started to
c'y murder against the Germans?
June 3rd, 1915.
The "Frankfort Gazette" reports from
Constantinople, that it had learned from an
irrefutable authority, that early in May the
German and Austrian legations, headed by
Prince Reuss and Connt Lothogaci, in Persia
on the road to Teheran passed a village
whose inhabitants had been bribed by British
and Russian officials to assassinate the two
ministers whose activity in Teheran were
feared. Only the, loyalty and watchfulness
of the Persian cossack officers escorting the
company, prevented the execution of this
conspiracy. One would refuse to believe
such leilian fairyTII were rnot the case of Sir
Roger Casement and the British minister in
Christiania, Fiudly, still too-iresh in our
memory. And the fate of the Lusitania?
PrLenysi has bcen stormed by General
von Mackensen's army and General von
Linsingen's has won a big battle at Strji.
The number of Rumsians made prisoners of
war during the month of May alone ex-
ceeds the astonishing figure of 300 000 men,
not counting innumerable guns, riflcs, etc.
In a week the allies will have Lemberg and
Galicia will be lost to the Russins. This
should mean that the war is definitely won
by the allied Germans and Austrians in the
East and that they will be able within a
short time, to dispatch large bodies of troops
to other regions. Then it mightget lively
for the French and English in Flanders and
northern France, while the Austrians will take
care of the "Dagos
A big squadron of Zeppelin airships have
appeared  over   London    and   dropped
bombs upon dock-yards, forts and military
buildings, factories and the like. The dam-
age must be enormous because the govern-
ment has forbidden the publication of anything
except the very meagre official report, which
speaks only of slight losses. How furious the
Britishers are on account of the activity of
this other German pest, may be judged by
the fact that right after the raid, the mob
again began to annoy Germans and to
destroy German shops, also such shops as
had former business connections withGermany.
City merchants are said to have been amazed
and filled with consternation to learn that the
mob leaders are in possession of full in-
formation regarding their business relations.
June 4th, 1915.
A few figures, making an interesting chapter
of the financial history of the belligerent
countries.
Russia had invited the Russian nation to
subscribe for what they call an interior loan
of one billion Roubles, hoping at the same
time that the allied financial concerns would
lend their helping hand. The result is that
exactly 23 per cent of the amount asked for
have been subscribed for by Russian private
capitalist-, 10 per cent by the government
bank and its provincial branches, and the
allied concerns were charitable enough to
sign the princely sum of 60 millions or
6 percent, so that the whole arrount which
widl be realized is about 400 millions at the
highest; the rest of the government bonds
will have to remain in the vaults of the
government and private   banks.  This is
Russia's credit.
Italy is to be subsidized by Great Britain
for her participation in the war to the
amount of 3 billion Lire in the shape of a
5 per cent loan. But she has to hypothecate
part of her custom revenues which will be
placed under British control and the Banca
d'Italia must consent gradually to hand over
its gold reserve to the Bank of England
when called for. As usual, England gets
the leonine part of the business: 5 per cent
interest, control  of Italian  customs ad-
ministrations and the Italian gold reserve,
pursuing with great ability and success her
old policy of absorbing her allies gold and
forcing them under the yoke of Lombard
street. Italy has oily to share the fate of
Belgium, India, Canada, Russia aind France.
Whether she is to go bankrupt cr not, is
of no concern for the Britishers after they
have got hold of the Italian gold and custom
revenues.
To finance Italy and other war expenses,
England will invite subscriptions for a public
loan of 500 million pounds at the end of June
or beginning of July. It remains to be seen
what success this second war loan will
have.
Germany's second war loan of nearly 10
billion Marks or 500 million pounds has
been paid in to the amount of 87 per cent
on June first, far beyond the amount payable
according to the provisions of the loan call.
In spite of this the whole amount loaned by
the special war loan institutions for such
purposes has been reduced within the last
week of May from 536 to 502 millions of
Marks.
- - -  - -                                                                                                                     Mark -.
Austria has invited subscriptions for a
second war loan. Subscriptions are so Heavy
that the success of the first one will be fa-
surpassed. To satisfy subscribers, the term
for the acceptance of subscriptions had to
be extended because the pressure was t,)
great.
June 5th 1915.
German submarines are very active at te
Dardanelles straits; two big British warships
became their prey. Yesterday they appeared iri
Constantinople and made evolutions before the
palace of the Sultan, lustd'y cheered by tlh
crowd. And at the same time arrives th:
highly interesting news that German sub-
marines have been seen at the entrance of the
Suez Canal. No wonder that the British are
beginning to get ne vous: German subrmari-
nes all around England and Ireland, in the
Mediterranean, the Dardanelles and the Suez
canal, whole squadrons of airships over
London, the Russians totally defeated a d
soon exhausted, tie French without reserv s,
without me:i and money, Italy weak and at
the brink of bankruptcy, fighting only wii
the mouths of Salandra andD'Annunzio, does1
dawn upon them at last that it is a hard jb
to subdue three big empires like the 0. -
man, the   Austro-Hungarian  and  Turkish
ones-a job even to big for Mr. John BuLi?
That the French are also at the end of the r
strength and of their wits has been told t1
world by no less an aigust person than
Lord Northcliffe, through the medium of the
London   Times.  It printed a letter written
by one Major Richardson who had been sent-
to France to inspect the state of affairs.
Obeying hs instruction to ;eport what ne
had observed, too literally, the officer wrote
to the Times, that it was England's dutv
to introduce compulsory service as the only
way to win this war because the French had
sent to the front their last reserves and were
completely exhausted. This letter has raised
a storm of fury in both headquarters, the
French and the English, and the government
was compelled to go so far as publicly to
prosecute the Times for hurting the military
interests of the country. But the blunt major
has evidently told the whole truth and nothing
but the truth. Which is rather promising
for Germany.
June 6th, 1915.
The German army under General von Lin-
singen has already reached the Dnjester, forced
a crossing and is driving the Russians back
in the directinn of Lemberg from which the
Germans are less than thirty kilometres distant.
Obviously the Russian's power of resistance is
gone entirely, as they are easily repiikeel
wherever they are driven forward to attack,
and chased were they are attacked by the
enemy. They have few guns and little am-
munition left while the Germans have plenty
of it. General von Linsingen has told citizens
of a Galician town who thanked him for the
liberation from Russian rule, that within a
very short time all Galicia would be free of
Russians, and Field Marshal von Hindenburg
has written to a personal friend in Hannover
that the participation of Italy will prolong
the war, but that ultimate victory of Germany
is no more doubtful. Excellent!
Will Uncle Sam come to his senses in the
last minute? This is still the anxious question
asked by every true and loyal friend of
America!
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