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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1103. Vol. XXI. No. 36 (March 26, 1915)

The continental times: special war edition, No. 1103, Vol. XXI, No. 36, March 26, 1915


THE CONTINENTAL TIMES.
Shtubtald Wars
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In Expectation.
At any moment we may hear of a re-
newed bombardment of the Dardanelles by
the combined fleets of France and England.
Various  accounts of the casualties are given
respecting the last assault upon the Turkish
forts.  We may take it, that three battle
ships were sunk, and four more so severely
damaged, that they will not be able to take part
in the coming fight. As regards loss of men,
it is evident that the Admiralty is concealing
facts from the British public. Undoubtedly
the number of dead and wounded      is large.
Attention is drawn to the fact that a number
of very old line of batle ships have been
sent out to take part in the coming tussle,
from which the conclusion must be drawn,
that neither country wishes to sacrifice any
of its first class line of battle units. Only one
really modern battle ship has so far ap-
peared on   the scene.  She  is the Queen
Elizabeth and has already been recipient of
many reminders from the Turkish guns. She
has been hit at least six times.  In any case,
the ships now mustered around Lemnos
form no stronger a force than that pre-
viously sent to demolish the forts of the
Dardanelles.  Unless those fleets are very
I         s~hl  trergth-,(d l i-cnrxicr'e oI
success are just the same as on the occa-
sion of the last bombardment, namely nil.
There are long headed people about who
say that the whole naval demonstration of the
allied fleets against the Dardanelles is a big
bluff, destined to keep the Turks from paying
too much attention to the Suez Canal. May-
be they are right. Anyhow the lot of veteran
ironclads gathered in the Aegean Sea scarce
look like threatening any great danger to the
powerful and cleverly masked most modern
fortresses protecting the Dardanelles and
which, in spite of British assertions to the
contrary, are intact.
Taking it Seriously.
At last the British nation appears to have
decided to take the war -seriously. Up to
quite lately it was the fashion in the
British Isles, to  talk  about the   serious
struggle  in  which    Great Britdin   finds
herself in a tone of levity and with the
breezy assurance that everything was going
"all right." But the collapse of the efforts of
the allied fleets against the Dardanelles and
the exceedingj heavy losses in officers and
men sustained in the taking of the village
of Neuve Chapelle, have set the English a
thinking. Those two events, if one can judge
from thetone of the British papers, have sobered
up the British nation. And it was high time,
for the braggart tone assumed throughout the
the war up to lately by the English press,
was simply nauseating. It is told, that at the
engagement of Neuve Chapelle, whilst soldiers
of both batallions were being mown domn by the
hundreds and thousands on one side of the
hill, the excited cries of English football
players were to be heard from the other.
The same kind of incident was recorded in
the boer war. One wonders whether it is
pure callousness or lack of being able to
appreciate a threatened danger, which inspires
the British in such times as these. England's
position, whichever way you look at it, is in
the highest degree serious. She, of all the other
countries, in this war risks her future position
amongthenations oftheworld. And now, maybe
too late in the day, the wakening has come.
General French despairingly calls for more
shells, he has not enough.   Lord Kitchener
from the housetops appeals frantically, and
in part fruitlessly, for more recruits; Mr. Lloyd
George pleads to the British workingman to
drink less stimulants, in order that lie may be
able to produce more of the sorely needed war
material. And Winston Churchill who, in
the earlier days of the war, boasted and
vaunted so freely, now that the crisis has
come, is heard no more.   For the time of
bombast and speeches is past, England is in
a tight corner and, at last, the people of
Great Britain are beginning to realize the
seriousness of their position
Professor Edmund von Mach Hits Back At William H.Taft.
German Savant Attacks the Position Taken by Former President and Claims
Sympathy of American People.
By Dr. Edmund von Mach.
When Mr. Taft published his letter to me
of January 26, in which lie gave his reasons
for opposing an embargo on arms, he did
nct give to the press also my letter to him.
And yet this is needed to unaderstand the
meaning of his initial sentence: "I cannot
write to a neutrality meeting such a letter
as you would wish." With these words Mr.
Taft has placed himself on record as unable
to meet the arguments of the great mass of
the American people, who look upon the
exportation of fire arms, cartridges, cannon
balls, shrapnels, and the whole list of in-
struments meant to kill and maim, and bring
sorrow and want and hate as nefarious and
unworthy of the great American people.
This is the important fact. The foremost
opponent of an embargo on arms is unable
to deny the soundness of the argument that
the exportation of fire arms and cartridges is
contrary to the morality of the people of the
greatest republic of the world. Nor has any
one else come forward and claimed that we
should be proud of this nefarious and mur-
derous traffic. On the contrary, the conscience
of the people is speaking in unmistakable
terms wherever it has been given an oppor-
tunity to express itself. In Boston on February
10 the Committee on Federal Relations of
the Massachusetts General Court (the legis-
lature) gave an advertised hearing on the bill
petitioning Congress to authorize an embargo
on the exportation of arms. The attendance
was so large that the committee had to adjourn
to a larger room. When the chairman called
for those who wished to oppose the bill,
there was not one to respond.
Shall We Continue This Traffic?
While it may, therefore, be taken for
granted that the public conscience of America
regards the exportation of cartridges, fire
arms, shrapnels, etc., with which.to prolong
the carnage on the European battlefield, as
morally wrong, many thoughtful people, and
among them ex-President Taft, are not so
sure that the American people can right this
wrong at present without committing another
wrong, and wish us, therefore, to go on
trafficking in death-dealing contraband.
We believe that the spirit of America is
against them. If Lincoln had taken their ad-
vice in the sixties, the curse of slavery would
still be resting on this country. To see the
right and do it-that is American.
This does not mean, however, that the
arguments against embargo on the exporta-
Stion  r     --  shuld M  b 1, eighed  Mr.
Taft advances two and only two; and since
he himself has published his letter, after due
deliberation, and only a few days after lie
had generously given me his permission to
publish his letter, which was originally con-
fidential, it may be assumed, that the whole
case of the opponents of the embargo is
contained in these two arguments.
Why Export and Then Import?
The first has been very well met by Con-
gressman Henry Vollmer in his dispatch to
the mass meeting in Boston    which   has
been  published  a short time ago.     If,
as Mr. Taft fears, we may ourselves be drawn
into a war, and finding ourselves short of
munitions of war, wish to import arms,
would it not be wiser to stop the exportation
of these arms now? What would Germany
not give to-day if she had not permitted her
gun makers these last few years to export
arms which are now turned against her! As
Dr. Toyokichi lyenaga said in Buffalo at the
great meeting in Shea's Theatre on Fe-
bruary 7: "Germany need not feel humiliated
at the fall of Tsingtao, for without Germany
Japan could not have achieved her victory."
But Mr. Taft's objection is not even based
on a proper understanding of existing con-
ditions, for the highest chemical authorities
assure us that the United States is fully
capable of producing, in case of war, the
necessary powder and other explosives. And
as regards the mechanical side of the problem
of national self-defense, nobody  probably
thinks so meaniy of the American resources
of brain, skill and material that he believes
in our dependence on Europe in these
matters.
Mr. Taft's second and seemingly strongest
argument against an embargo is expressed
in these words: "Nor do I think that in the
present exigency it would be an act of neu-
trality to do so, because it would inure only
to the benefit of one of the belligerents."
Stripped of its immediate application the
principle here enunciated reads: "A neutral
State is forbidden from committing any act,
which inures only to the benefit of one of
the belligerents."
Suggestion of a Temporary Embargo.
If Mr. Taft were to apply his own prin-
ciple to the present exportation of arms, he
would have to conclude that the exportation
of arms to-day is an unneutral act because
it inures "only to the benefit of one of the
belligerents."  Theoretically, it would, of
course, be equally unneutral to stop the ex-
portation of arms now as to permit it. There
is, however, a way out of this dilemma even
for those who refuse to be guided by the
larger ethical motives.  They may advocate
a temporary embargo.    According to Mr.
Taft's principle the United States has been
unneutral in favor of one set of the belliger-
U.S. Steel Trust.
Big Fall in profits.
From Our Financial Correspondent.
New York. The annual report, covering
1914 of the United St t  St fl Crn r  tin
ents by exporting arms for six months, then
why                                          e company in which investors on your side
the exportation  of ams for another six
monthsAmerican concern- is the poorest since the
months?
But better still, wh  not argue that the organization of the corporation in 1901. A
But ette  stll,  hf  ot aguethatthe deficit of $17,971.900 is revealed, as compared
neutrality question bre ks even, six one way,
half a dozen the other and that it need not,
therefore, stand in theway of the American  year. The company's output of leading steel
pheopefollowtndin the dicate of theirmercon- products fell off nearly 50 per cent. in 1914,
people following the dictates of their con-I
science, and stopping the nefarious and irn-  while export sales shrank 26 per cent. Mr.
Gary, the chairman of the corporation, in a
moral traffic in arms.                     statement  to  stockholders,  attributes the
It has been claimed, in ihe first place, thatusatisfactory showing not only to a general
America could have declared an embargo     u
Amerca  oul  hav  delard anembrgo lessening in the demand for the products of
legally and without infringing her neutrality
at the beginning of  he war, but that she   suidarybcopanie     lowing theor
could not do so now.   In reply one may    oear   butst    o   dcinipresfor
point to the ntI countries of Europe,
,ane"t'a                        off in export business.
who have been forced bycEnglahvetoneclare
similar embargoes not at the beginning, but          erent                     th
during the progress  f the war.   Almost      Fmrnercent Fethestr        ieth
all, if not actually all  them, have declared   MecatF          etDsryd
o In contradiction to the statement of losses
awithmaasurplusaof $15,582.100 theapreviou
yer.snThe copany'ssoutputofgladingte fl
the neutral states, our own America, persists  hip     slsh      n         e
in a traffic which   dds to the   horrible  wing statement has been prepared by Ham-
European carnage!                          burg  Ship Owners: Up to January I1st 97
Wilful Misrepre entation of Facts.       British steamers, tonnage  255466, ande1
The other argument ~s almost too ridiculou  sailingship, 1798 tons, have been sunk by
mines or German warship . After Januarylst
to deserve mention, ad is, moreover, based I   di     o     is,    lo    e  b    e
on a wilful misrepresnntation of facts. Some acr    oase o o utss t he   falelsbyt ins,
good people neverthelcss have been influenced  ecaone     o1    taes     bu    90
by it and have come out against the Bartholdt  tons, and  1 sailingship, 2294 tons; thus
bill as "illusory," because they say: "Arms I according to the losseswhi have become
ohe         eeno              ld   o   r   known up to date England has lost 111
adrngtheiprogress   f twar.   lmifost
alsteamers, 304466 tons, and 2 sailors, 4092
government establishe. an embargo of them,ga   o
the1 neutralhstates, touroown Americaunpersists
be shipped from this country to Havana,or
to Vigo, or to some pther neutral port, and  siso     0   5  os     h    hl     rts
would reach   their destination from  there  fleet at present comprises about 12 million
Thot a         n        l     o r   o    tons; therefore the loss up to date amounts
like this have neither~read the Barth oldt bil to 4 per cent. However, it is to be assumed
no                                         that the losses are even greater, as some of
It is, of course, the pi.rpose of the bill before  te  r  ueyntytkon
Congress entirely to stop the exportation of         Enlistment Tricks.
munition of arms, an if this is stopped--    London, March 24. The authorities of the
that is if an embargo is laid on their ex-  War office are advertising largely for re-
portation-- they cannot be shipped "to Havana,  cruits. The latest form, which appears in
or to Vigo" or anywhere elseu              all the daily papers, is as follows:-
All these objections however, only befog
without any hndrancr,"nPeoleywhoereaso
the issue, which is a, moral one. Mr. Toft                Manchester.
did not deny this, and what is more im-      If the German Army were in Manchester,
portant,eaDas unable to meet it. There is a
every fit man in the country would enlist
thellebinedrepoeding outn                     taeetothhasmmttbewithouteay.b
, Do you rearse that the Germanarmy is
will pass both house; of Congress. Out in  now   at Ostend, only 125 miles away-or
the open its great moral aspects will outweigh  40 miles nearer to London tha   is Man-
every contrary argument, for "the principle  s
miesr Gra      asis AtrJnays
underlying the embargo will,"as Congressman    o            r  st the       s   me
general international I w and, being a deter- t,    nIan          stn
rent of war, will        greatest practical                       st      e be   e
Belgium. The time to do it is now.
progress ever made bythe peace propaganda."  Will you help?  Then enlist today.
Let us live the spir t of America!                 God Save the King.
f                  a    e     c     iaFatherland. I
The    Czech    regiments.
I Art io re, tht pairpe binistraton re  -                  t   m   from.......
Ardent hope that the administration will
stand firm against British aggression.
The Washington Pqst Editioral gives its
opinions as follows: L- The United States is
not the only nation against which Great Britain
is pursuing an insolent and unwarrantel policy
of aggression upon the high seas. A dispatch
from Stockholm reports that there is growing
irritation in that country against British inter-
ference with Swedish commerce. ,,The English
navy," says the dispatch, ,,is criticized for
causing delays through the searching of neutral
ships at sea."
British aggression.
It happens that the British navy, instead
of the German army, is the force that clashes
with the rights of the United States. This
nation would protest against German ag-
gression  It is friendiy with both nations,
and wishes to remaii. so, bit it cannot be
expected to sacrifice itt rights and the rights
of its citizens for the sake of remaining friendly
with a nation that callously infringes upon
those rights.
Sweden's grievance lends weight to the
American protest against British aggression.
It is proof that the United States is not seeking
a quarrel with Great Britain, but is called
upon to protest againk the misuse of British
sea power.
To Stand firm.
All patriotic and peace-loving Americans
ardently hope that the administration will
stand firm against British aggression. That
is the only sure way of preserving peace.
If encroachment upon American commerce
is tolerated, the encroachment will increase,
and friendship between the two nations will
be broken.   By insisting  that interference
shall cease, the United States will constrain
Great Britain to put a stop to a policy that
might involve the two nations in war. The
best service that the United States can perform
for Great Britain is to restrain it from com-
mitting excesses against friendly nations with
its sea power.
Great Britain and Germany must fight it
out with their own weapons. Neither one
of them should be permitted for a moment
to misuse its power in such a way as to
violate the rights of the United Statss or its
citizens.
This is a pro-American demand which the
administration can enforce with justice and
amity toward all nations. If it does not
enforce its own rights, it cannot remain neutral
toward the nations now at war.
II  g U, IIL  1  .  LIg ~LL  Vl  %;il
to the "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung"
is branding as false the reports circulated by
some of the foreign papers about the con-
duct in battle of the 91st infantry regiment
and other Czech regiments. The Czech paper
"1Ilas Naroda" is recording the fact, that not
only is the Czech population of Bohemia
loyal, but is sending out her sons gladly to
the defence of the Austro-Hungarian mo-
narchy against the enemy. Many of them
have received the cross of bravery and those
left at home are straining every nerve in
working for a victorious ending of the war.
They are vieing with one another in acts of
charity towards widows and orphans as well
as those, who have lost their health and
limbs for their fatherland.
The Day of Reckoning.
The Crown Prince of Bavaria has issued
a Special Order to the troops of the 7th
Army Corps, in which he refers to the
taking of part of the German positions by
the English who succeeded by putting up
48 battalions against 3. The German counter-
attack has broken the enemy's offensive
power.   Two English Army Corps did not
dare to go further than the village they had
captured.  Concluding the Crown Prince
says: "I expect from you that you will bar
any further advance of the eneny until the
day of reckoning with this enemy arrives
That day will come. I trust you."
A Healthy Dividend.
The Disconto Gesellschaft in Berlin has just
announced an 8 0/ dividend, as against 12 0/,
in the last four years. The affairs of that
great financial institution are in the most
flourishing condition, but the directors, in
view of the war, were conservative in their
dividend declaration.  This contrasts most
favourably with the Credit Foncier with its
small and diminished dividend, and the
cases where several French Banks declare
no dividend at all.
A Substantial Haul.
Hamburg.   March 24.  The   Hamburger
Nachrichten tells of the substantial capture
made when the German authorities seized the
Dutch provision boat and took her into
Zeebrfigge. The real reason for the capture
of the ship was, that she was carrying a
number of Belgians, on their way to England
to enlist in the army. But above that there
were a nice lot of provisions; eggs cheese and
hams made up a full cargo.
Dear Sir,!
I take pleasure in mentioning that
the spirit and tenor of your lively
paper is much appreciated by me.
Yours truly
bot
lile
J. E. Meyer, Bremen
Editor, Continental Times.
Sir.
I have read your German and Russian
edition with a feeling of satisfaction and
while it is important that your paper is being
circulated within the Russian prisoners' camps
I should like to advise you to call the
attention of the German farmers to this
innovation, because a large number of Poles
are being employed by them, who should
be informed about, the true state of affairs.
Very truly yours
Schwartze Petersen ((, Co.
The Editor, "Continental Times"
Dear Sir.
In your last issue, you published ttn
article on the feeling in Bohemia, from
a Czech paper.   Having   lived in Prague
for a number of years I can confirm
the  truth  of  the  statements  in   that
article.  If the imes correspondent speak s
of a certain  feeling  against the Austro-
Hungarian Government, he cornpletely nis-
judges what he has seen and ha, .
Yours very truly
Berlin, March 24th.          H. L. M.
So enterprising!
To the Continental Times.
My, you are enterprising! Firstly you brin<
out a pamphlet of most interesting arickcs
concerning the war, and now you have
issued a Russian - German edition of the
Continental Times. I gather that this last is
for the benefit of the Russian prisoners
and the idea is a right good one, as it vil
serve to enlighten those poor fellows who
at home are kept entirely in the dark as to
what is goingon in the world. Thus, let ushope,
their period of captivity will be of benefit to
them owing to the information they may obtain
through your enterprise in bringing out
a paper for their benefit.   But, might I
make a suggestion. It is this, why should
your Russo-German   edition only reach the
Muscovite prisoners interned in Germany?
There are about 300,000 Slavs interned in
Austro-Hungary. Why not let them also
have the benefit of the Continental Times?
Brfinn, Bahnring 5, March 23.  W. Wessoly.
The Open Tribune.
Letters from our readers.
To our Readers!
We shall be glad to pubishi anV com.
munication by our readers, but must
contributors to attach name and addres
their letters. These w ,n  ubij  s
mously, if so desired
Who    lost Most Men.
To the Continental Times.
I dont know   whether yoer attention has
been drawn to a special order dated March 14,
issued  by the  General commanding     the
4the Vriisihi Corn .. ih iot I senld it ou
herewillt.
The is .ilicr            li wh :-.1 troiof  o
the Fourth Corps have achieved in the
capture of Neuve Chapelle is of the first im-
portance to the Allied cause, especially at
this period of the war.  The heroism  and
gallantry of regimental officers and men, and
the assistance afforded  them  by artillery
units is deserving of the highest praise, aiH;
the Corps Commander desires to congra u
late them on the severe defeat they  ve  :-
flicted on the enemy, whose losses amnoui
to not less 1:    4,]i000 n1i-     k l and
prisoners alonr
As the Time   aind  tier Enrisich p pers
admit the British losses at Neuve Chap;lle,
to have been about 750 officers aud 12,(00
men, the capture of that village must be tail
as having been very dearly bought. The
English themselves, as I read their papers,
admit that they were superior in numbers at
Neuve Chapelle. The Germans claim that
the English were in a superiority of about
eight to one. And yet the English lost about
13,000 men all told and the German only
4,000. Surely that means a Pyrric victory
for the English.
Rotterdam. March 23.
John R. Wilson
Our War Book.
To the Editor.
Thinking it would please you to hear Of
the success of your brightly compiled W.r
Book, I wish to tell you of a little incdeit
relating to it. It was calling upon a lady, in
American, who is the wife of a German
officer in high position. She told that she
had sent the Continental Times War Book to
her husband, who is serving in the a;-y
around Warsaw. She had just received a letter
from him, in which he told of the pleasure
it had afforded him in reading it. And he
wrote "It ought to be sent in thousands to
theUnited States, in orde- hat the Amern
may learn h   ell rich     ti aay and
the war."
Brilssel, Mir h .             W. B . B.
I


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