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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Communiqué and joint declaration by President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer, on German reunification and disarmament, May 28, 1957,   pp. 210-212 PDF (1.2 MB)


Berlin Declaration by the foreign minister of the German Federal Republic and the American, British, and French ambassadors, on Germany, European security, and disarmament, July 29, 1957,   pp. 212-214 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 212

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-5 9
They agreed that if such initial steps succeed they should be fol-
lowed within a reasonable time by a comprehensive disarmament
agreement which must necessarily presuppose a prior solution of the
problem of German reunification. Accordingly, the Chancellor ad-
vised the President, as he has the French and British Governments,
that the Federal Republic would consider that the conclusion of an
initial disarmament agreement might be an appropriate time for a con-
ference on the reunification of Germany among the Foreign Minis-
ters of the four powers responsible therefor. The United States will
consult with the French and British Governments regarding this
matter.
The President stressed that any measures for disarmament appli-
cable to Europe would be accepted by the United States only with the
approval of the NATO allies, which he hoped would take a leading
role in this regard, and taking into account the link between Euro-
pean security and German reunification. He assured the Chan-
cellor that the United States does not intend to take any action in the
field of disarmament which would prejudice the reunification of Ger-
many. He stated that the United States would consult with the Ger-
man Federal Government closely on all matters affecting Germany
arising in the disarmament negotiations.
WASHINGTON, D.C., 28 May 1957.
Berlin Declaration by the Foreign Minister of the German Fed-
eral Republic and the American, British, and French Ambassa-
dors, on Germany, European Security, and Disarmament, July
29, 19571
THE BERLIN DECLARATION
Twelve years have elapsed since the end of the war in Europe.
The hopes of the peoples of the world for the establishment of a
basis for a just and fasting peace have nevertheless not been ful-
filled. One of the basic reasons for the failure to reach a settle-
ment is the continued division of Germany, which is a grave injus-
tice to the German people and the major source of international
tension in Europe.
The Governments of France, the United Kingdom and the United
States, which share with the Soviet Union responsibility for the
reunification of Germany and the conclusion of a peace treaty, and
the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, as the only
Government qualified to speak for the German people as a whole, wish
to declare their views on these questions, including the question of
European security, and the principles which motivate their policies
in this regard.
1. A European settlement must be based on freedom and justice.
Every nation has the right to determine its own way of life in free-
dom, to determine for itself its political, economic and social system,
and to provide for its security with due regard to the legitimate in-
terests of other nations. Justice requires that the German people
be allowed to re-establish their national unity on the basis of this
fundamental right.
Department of State press release 435, July 29 19,57.
212


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