University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Paris protocols amending the Brussels Treaty and establishing the Western European Union, October 23, 1954,   pp. 124-141 PDF (6.2 MB)


Page 133

DOCUMENTS ON GERAANY, 1944-59               133
parts, equipment, installations, substances and organisms, which are
used for civilian purposes or for scientific, medical and industrial
research in the fields of pure and applied science shall be excluded
from this definition.
I.-Atomic Weapons
(a) An atomic weapon is defined as any weapon which contains, or
is designed to contain or utilise, nuclear fuel or radioactive isotopes
and which, by explosion or other uncontrolled nuclear transformation
of the nuclear fuel, or by radioactivity of the nuclear fuel or radio-
active isotopes, is capable of mass destruction, mass injury or mass
poisoning.
(b) Furthermore, any part, device, assembly or material especially
designed for, or primarily useful in, any weapon as set forth under
paragraph (a), shall be deemed to be an atomic weapon.
(c) Nuclear fuel as used in the preceding definition includes plu-
tonium, Uranium 233, Uranium 235 (including Uranium 235 con-
tained in Uranium enriched to over 2.1 per cent. by weight of Uranium
235) and any other material capable of releasing substantial quan-
tities of atomic energy through nuclear fission or fusion or other
nuclear reaction of the material. The foregoing materials shall be
considered to be nuclear fuel regardless of the chemical or physical
form in which they exist.
II.-Chemical Weapons
(a) A chemical weapon is defined as any equipment or apparatus
expressly designated to use, for military purposes, the asphyxiating,
toxic, irritant, paralysant, growth-regulating, anti-lubricating or
catalysing properties of any chemical substance.
(b) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (c), chemical substances,
having such properties and capable of being used in the equipment or
apparatus referred to in paragraph (a), shall be deemed to be included
in this definition.
(c) Such apparatus and such quantities of the chemical substances
as are referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) which do not exceed peace-
ful civilian requirements shall be deemed to be excluded from this
definition.
IIIB. Bological Weapons
(a) A biological weapon is defined as any equipment or apparatus-
expressly designed to use, for military purposes, harmful insects or
other living or dead organisms, or their toxic products.
(b) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (c), insects, organisms
and their toxic products of such nature and in such amounts as to
make them capable of being used in the equipment or apparatus
referred to in (a) shall be deemed to be included in this definition.
(c) Such equipment or apparatus and such quantities of the insects,
organisms and their toxic products as are referred to in paragraphs (a)
and (b) which do not exceed peaceful civilian requirements shall be
deemed to be excluded from the definition of biological weapons.
ANNEX III
This list comprises the weapons defined in paragraphs IV and VI
and the factories earmarked solely for their production. All ap-
40109-49,- 10


Go up to Top of Page