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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Soviet proposal for a general European treaty on collective security in Europe, February 10, 1954,   pp. 120-122 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 121

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-5 9
for the purpose of strengthening international cooperation in con-
formity with the principles of respect for the independence and sov-
ereignaty of states and of noninterference in their internal affairs,
striving to prevent the formation of groupings of some European
States directed against other European States, which gives rise to
friction and strained relations among nations, and to achieve con-
certed efforts by all European States in insuring collective security
in Europe,
. the European States, guided by the purposes and principles of the
United Nations Charter, shall conclude a general European treaty on
collective security in Europe, the basic provisions of which shall be as
follows:
1. All European States, irrespective of their social systems, may
become party to the treaty provided they recognize the purposes and
assume the obligations set forth in the treaty.
Until the formation of a united, peace-loving, democratic German
State, the German Democratic Republic and the German Federal Re-
public may be parties to the treaty enjoying equal rights with other
parties thereto. It is understood that after the unification of Ger-
many the united German -State may become a party to the treaty on
an equal footing with any other European State.
The conclusion of the treaty on collective security in Europe shall
not affect the competence of the Four Powers-the U.S.S.R., the
U.S.A., the United Kingdom, and France-to deal with the German
problem which shall be settled in accordance with decisions previously
taken by the Four Powers.
2. The parties to the treaty undertake to refrain from aggression
against one another and also to refrain from having recourse to the
threat or the use of force in their international relations and, in ac-
cordance with the United Nations Charter, to settle by peaceful means
and in such a way as not to endanger international peace and security
in Europe any dispute that may arise among them.
3. Whenever, in the view of any party to the treaty, there is danger
of an armed attack in Europe against one or more of the parties to
the treaty, the latter shall consult each other in order to take effective
steps to remove the danger and to maintain security in Europe.
4. An armed attack in Europe against one or more of the parties to
the treaty by any state or group of States shall be deemed to be an
attack against all the parties. In the event of such an attack, each of
the parties, exercising the right of individual or collective self-defense,
shall assist the state or states so attacked by all the means at its dis-
posal, including the use of armed force, for the purpose of reestab-
lishing and maintaining international peace and security in Europe.
5. The parties to the treaty undertake jointly to discuss and deter-
mine as soon as possible the procedure under which assistance, includ-
ing military assistance, shall be provided by the parties in the event of
there arising in Europe a situation requiring a collective effort for the
reestablishment and maintenance of peace in Europe.
6. The parties to the treaty, in conformity with the provisions of
the United Nations Charter, shall immediately inform the Security
Council of the United Nations of any action taken or envisaged for
the purpose of exercising the right of self-defense or of maintaining
peace and security in Europe.
121


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