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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892
([1892])

Constitution of the Seneca nation,   pp. 751-754 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 752

752 
CONSTITUTION OF THE SENECA NATION. 
the reservations, who are of the Seneca Nation, and which lands may have
been 
taxed for highway or other purposes, shall be entitled to vote at all elections.
SEC. 10. Any legal voter shall be eligible to any office named in this constitu-
tion, and all officers elect shall be inducted into office, and, if necessary,
shall be 
impeached by the use of such forms and regulations as shall be prescribed
by 
law. 
SEC.ll. The compensation of members of the council shall be $1 each per day,
and they find themselves; but no member shall receive more than $20 during
any 
one year. 
The compensation of all the officers shall be prescribed by law, but the
salaries 
of the present officers shall not be diminished. 
SEC 12. The council shall meet annually on the first Tuesday of June, and
ex- 
tra sessions may be convened by the president at any time he shall think
proper. 
SEC. 13. The council shall have power to make any laws not inconsistent with
the Constitution of the United States or of the State of New York. 
SEC. 14. All offenses which shall not be punishable by the laws of the United
States, or of the State of New York, shall be tried and punished in the peace-
makers' courts, or before the council as shall be prescribed by law. 
SEC. 15. The rights of any member of the ancient confederacy of the Iroquois
to the occupancy of our lands, and other privileges shall be respected as
hereto- 
fore, and the council shall pass laws regulating for the admission of any
Indian 
of other tribes or nations to citizenship and adoption into the tribe of
the Seneca 
Nation of Indians, by his or her application for himself or herself, or his
or her 
family. 
SEC. 16. The laws passed by the Legislature of the State of New York, for
the 
protection and improvement of the Seneca Nation of Indians, and also all
laws 
and regulations heretofore adopted by the legal council, shall continue in
full 
force and effect as heretofore, until repealed or amended by the council;
and 
except so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this constitution.
SEC. 17. The present officers of this nation shall hold their respective
offices 
(unless removed by impeachment) until at the general election on the first
Tues- 
day of May, A. D. 1862. 
SEC. 18. The salary of the president and clerk shall be $25 per year; and
the 
salary of the treasurer shall be $20 annually; and the salary of the marshal
shall 
be 25 cents per day while in attendance of council. 
SEC. 19. This constitution shall not be altered or amended in less than two
years from and after the date of its adoption. After the expiration of the
said 
term of two years the constitution may be altered or amended by a council
of 
the people, convened for that purpose on three months' previous notice, by
a 
vote of two-thirds of the legal voters present at such convention, but such
notice 
calling a constitutional convention shall always be duly authorized by the
council. 
SEC. 20. This constitution shall be in full force from and including the
18th 
day of March, in the year of our Lord 1862, except as herein otherwise pro-
vided. 
Done in convention, at the council house on the Cattaraugus Reservation,
in 
the county of Erie and State of New York, and adopted and anproved by the
unanimous consent of the reservation represented, the 18th day of March,
A. D. 
1862. 
In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 
AMENDED CONSTITUTION OF THE SENECA NATION OF INDIANS 
[Made and adopted in convention assembled, duly called, and organized in
accordance with the 
provisions of the constitution of said nation, convened at the council house
at Coal Springs, 
on the Allegany Reservation, on the 22d day of October, A. D. 1868.] 
We, the people of the Seneca Nation of Indians, residing at Cattaraugus,
Al- 
legany, and Oil Spring Reservations, in the State of New York, grateful to
the 
Almighty God for our national preservation and freedom and mindful blessings
heretofore by us enjoyed in order to perpetuate the same, do make and establish
the following constitution: 
SECTION 1. Our government shall have a legislative, executive, and judiciary
department. 
SEC. 2. The legislative power shall be vested in a council of sixteen members,
who shall be called the councillors of the Seneca Nation of Indians, of whom


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