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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892
([1892])

Reports of agents in Oklahoma,   pp. 370-409 PDF (21.8 MB)


Page 371

- 1        -Z" 
REPORTS -F .O _ --. OKIA.IPMA.                     371       - 
InAustrie&-Duriig the year th3 InA'is lhave transported 1,507,648 poutids,
of 
freight, fori which they have received $3,63&19. They also received from
the 
Governmentfor-products sold $815.03: from other parties, $6,000; total, $10,453.22.
Agdialtare.-The Indians plowedfor cultivation 3,535 acres and planted 21966,
from which they -realized- 
Wheat -----------   ---bushels-- 8,060 Beans-------------------- bushels-
 88 - 
Oats  .... ---------------------------- do---- 16,270  Otler vegetables ----------------
do  322 
Barley-and rye --------------------- do-..  475 Melons ---------------------------
 8,800, 
Corn ---------------------------- --- do---- 14,280 Pumpkins - ..---------------------
2,300. 
Potltoes --- .......------------------ do.:--- 1,337 Hay, cut ------------------
tons  1,190 
Turnips-. -  1.  ..------------------- do-.-  352  .4illet  ----------------------------
do-  60, 
Onions -----------------do .-    233 Butter, made ------------poun- d  30
About 2,000 acres was put in corn, with a prospective yield in Jane of 50
bushels 
to the acre, but owing t3-neglect and indifference of the Indians in cultivating,
exceedingly dry weather and hot wirsds in July, not more. than 15 per cent
of 
that amount wit be realized4. The neglect and indifference of the Indians
was 
caused by the completion of -their allotments, the opening of surplus lafds--
to  f 
white settlement and per capita payment of $182,500 during the farming aid
planting season. The above conditions also explains why 569 acres plowed
for 
cultivaVion was not planted. 
Allotments.- As stated in my report of last year, the appropriation male
for the 
purpose of allotting lands to the Indians of this agency became exhausted
on the 
30th of September and the work stopped. During the following winter, by a
special appropriation, Congress provided funds to continue the work. Special
Agents Tackett, Parker, Kelly, Wright, and Robinson reported for'service
Feb- 
ruary 1, end proceeding without delay c:mpletd the allotment.3 March 30,
making 1,529; reported in last year's report 1,808, 3,337; canceled 8; total
al-. 
lotments a13 per record, 3,329.; 
By proclamation of the President the 19th day of April, at high noon, was
  ...- 
designated when the surplus lands of this reservation would be open to settle-
ment. I ifnstructed the Indians to be on -their allotments on that day, to
treat 
the home-seekers kindly, show them the boundaries of their allotments, and
to 
give them any information they could relative to lands subject to entry.
The 
employes were instructed to be vigilant in their f espective districts to
pro-, 
tect the Indians in their individual holdings and prevent conflicts. I am
pleased 
to say no serious trouble occurred between Indians and white, or other parties.
Some few errors have been discovered in the'allotments, which are reported
to 
your office as they come up and are being rectified as ra-pidly as possible.
Relative to results from the practical working of the allotment laws, the
mat- 
ter is in embryo and very little practical results have so far been attained.
About 50 per cent of the Indians reside upon'their allotments, and 113 have
im- 
prolved their allotments by breaking from 3 to 40 acres of prairie, constructing
fences, building houses, digging -wells., etc. 
Many applications have been made by Indians to lease their lands, but as
in 
most instances they do not fall-withimt the provisions of the law as interpreted
by your office their  applications are therefore-not considered- by this
office.  -i 
Owing to the short period (three years for agricultural purpoles) for which
a 
lease can be made under the present law, responsiblewhite nn .say they can
not afford to fence, break the land, build suitable houses, sheds, dig a
well, 4nd = 
make other improvements necessary for a comfortable home for three years
use 
of the land. I would, therefore, recommend an amendment to the law pqrmit-
ting the leasing of -Indian allotments in excess of what they can properly
utilize- 
for a period of five years for agricultural purposes. 
Very few settlers are intermingled with allqttees; many of the settlers after
filing returned to their homes in Kansas, Texas, and elsewhere to harvest
crops 
and are now returning to their claims, The Indians with whom I have con-
versed express a desire for frienally associations with their white neighbors.
As 
to what will be the. general effect of the allotment system and citizenship
upon - .4 
the Indians under my charge, the short period of time since they were brought
under this condition, and the fact that they have not been subjected to the
laws 
of the Territory to any -considerable extent precludes the giving of an intelligent
 "- 
opinion as to what will be the general effect. I believo  bowever, it will
event-  : 
ualy work greatly to their advantage as a people.                       
   :   _ 
If it is decided they are.-citizens and their personal prop 3rty, including
im-  :-i 
provements upon their allotments subject to taxation, it will work a great
hard-  : 
ship to them, and will for~ atime tend to discourage industry an~d civilization
 ...-* 
aimong them.,                                                           
      .i 


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