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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. III-LXXI ff. PDF (28.2 MB)


Page XVI

XVI   REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONVER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
:and the Mississippi, under the provisions of the third article of Ihe 
treaty of September 30, 1854 (10 Stat., 1110), on the La Pointe or Bad 
River Reservation, thirty-four, and on the Lac Court d'Oreilles Reserva,
lion, eighteen; to the Winnebagoes, under the fourth section of the act of
February 21, 1863 (12 Stat., 658), four; to the Kickapoos, under the 
provisions of the third article of the treaty of June 28, 1862 (13 Stat.,
624), eleven; and to the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of Sioux, under 
the fifth article of the treaty of February 19, 1867 (15 Stat., 505), nine;
making the total number of certificates and patents issued one hun- 
4lred and forty-six. Fifty Santee Sioux have made homestead entries 
under the concluding paragraph of the sixth article of the treaty with 
the Sioux Indians, concluded April 29,1868 (15 Stat., 635). Allotments 
have also been made by the agents on the Nisqually, $quaxin, Bad 
River, and Lac Court d'Oreilles Reservations, the schedules of which 
have been returned for correction. 
As to the utility and desirability of allotting lands in severalty to the
Indians and giving them valid titles thereto, I can only reiterate what 
bas been said in my preceding reports. In no case where allotments 
have been made and the titles secured, with proper restrictions, have any
other than the best results followed. I shall, therefore, adhereto the 
policy of allotting lands wherever the same can legally be done and the 
condition of the Indians is such as to warrant it. 
One of the principal obstacles in the way of making allotments, is 
the fact that there are no appropriations available for the survey of In-
dian reservations. In many cases allotments are authorized by treaty 
on reservations which have never been surveyed, and in other cases on 
reservations where the lines and monuments of the survey have become 
obliterated. In the latter cases I have, where practicable, authorized 
the etaployment of surveyors to rerun and remark the lines, paying 
for the work out of the appropriations for empioy6s. Your attention is 
called to the importance of this matter in another portion of this report.
The agent at the Fort Berthold Agency reports that the Indians 
under his charge are anxious to take allotments, and that it would be 
greatly to their advantage to do so. There being no law nor treaty 
authorizing allotments to these Indians, it is my intention to prepare 
and submit for transmission to Congress at its next session, subject to 
your approval, a bill granting such authority. 
At the last session of Congress a bill was submitted increasing the 
allotments to the Nez Percs in Idaho, and the Willamette Indians on 
the Grande Ronde Reservation, from twenty acres as provided for in 
the treaty with the Nez Perc6s, and from the graduated quantity pro- 
vided for in the treaty with the Willamette Indians, to one hundred 
and sixty acres for each Indian entitled to an allotment under the 
treaties. iNo action was taken by Congress. As the quantity of landl 
in each of these reservations is more than sufficient to give the amount
recommended, and the Indians are desirous of having the quantity in- 


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