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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Report of agent in Iowa,   p. 81 PDF (488.7 KB)


[Report of agent in Kansas],   pp. 81-84 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 81

REPORT OF AGENT IN IOWA.                             81 
SAC AND Fox AGENCY, 
Tama County, Iowa, August 26, 1879. 
SIR: In accordance with instructions received from the Indian Bureau, I have
the 
honor to submit a report of the condition of the Sac and Fox tribe of Indians
in Iowa 
for the year ending August 31, 1879. 
The reservation of this tribe is located on the Iowa River, in Tama County,
in Cen- 
tral Iowa. They have 692 acres, all under fence of wire and boards, subdivided
into 
fields for pasturage and cultivation. They have 60 acres in tame grass, and
150 acres 
broken up, 100 acres of which are under cultivation this year; the balance
was left un- 
cultivated, owing to the wet weather at planting-time and the lack of sufficient
imple- 
ments to plow with. Their fields are all well cultivated, clean, and free
from weeds. 
Thecrops are very good; they will have of corn about 600 bushels; of beans,
225 bushels; 
of potatoes, 70 bushels; of squash and pumpkins, 60 loads; they desire to
cultivate 
double the quantity of land next year. They wish to purchase more land with
their 
annuity money. Their idea in regard to farming is to raise sufficient crops
of corn and 
vegetables for their own use, and to raise horses and stock for profit, and
they are bet- 
ter adapted to raise horses and stock than anything else. They have a great
desire to 
improve their stock with blooded and Norman breeds of horses. Their personal
prop- 
erty is valued at about $15,000. 
The tribe numbers 345, there being 164 males and 181 females. There have
been six 
deaths and ten birthjs during the year. Their village consists of about 31
houses, mainly 
built of bark and partly of boards. Their houses and grounds are kept very
clean and 
neat. 
From all I can learn from persons living near the Indian reservation, the
conduct of 
the Indians the past year has been very good-not a single crime committed
on the 
whites or among themselves. They are very quiet and orderly, very kind to
each other; 
the young men of the tribe deserve great praise for their good behavior during
the 
year. There is very little drunkenness in the tribe, and every effort is
made by the 
chiefs and council to suppress it. The women of the tribe are very well behaved,
modest, and chaste.- 
The school-house is now occupied by the agency farmer and teacher. I have
divided 
the school-room in two, one for my office and school-room for the young men,
the other 
for the teacher for teaching the young women. These Indians have a great
dislike to 
regular schools, and what we have to do to teach them has to be done in a
general and 
irregular manner. 
In conclusion, I would say of this tribe that they are a smart, intelligent
people, who 
have made great progress towards civilization in the last ten years, as much
as could 
be reasonably expected for the aid and assistance they have had, and it will
take a long 
time to entirely change their customs and habits. Steady, patient labor,
kind and gen- 
erous treatment, will accomplish it in the end. 
GEO. L. DAVENPORT, 
United Stats Indian Agent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
OFFICE OF KANSAS AGENCY, POTTAWATOMIE RESERVE, KANSAS, 
September 20, 1879. 
SIR: In compliance with instructions received from the Office of Indian Affairs,
under date of June 18, 1879, I herewith submit my first annual report of
the condition 
of the Indian tribes in this agency. 
The jurisdiction of the agency embraces the tribes located in Kansas, consisting
of 
the Prairie Band of Potlawatomies, numbering on their reserve 451 persons;
the Kicka- 
.poos, numbering 239 persons; and the confederated bands of Chippewa and
Mansee In- 
dians, numbering 62 persons; in addition to this aggregate of 752 Indians,
there are 
about 290 Pottawatomies and 30 Kickapoos absent from their reserves without
permis- 
sion. 
The reserve occupied by the Pottawatomie Indians contains 77.357.57 acres
of land; 
is located in the boundaries of Jackson County, Kansas, about twelve miles
north of 
the Kansas Pacific Railway. The soil is a rich, sandy loam, and is well watered
by 
springs and running streams. Atmosphere is dry, with heavy winds in autumn
and 
spring. About three-tenths of the area of this reserve is superior farming
land, and 
the remainder is unsurpassed for grazing purposes. 
The Kickapoo Reserve, lying in Brown Countiy, Kansas, about five miles north
of the 
Kansas Central Railway, embraces 20,273 acres of land, of very much the same
charac- 
ter as the Pottawatomie Reserve, though, perhaps, a larger proportion is
suitable for 
cultivation. 
The lands of the Chippewa and Munsee Indians, amounting to 4,395 acres, held
by 
certificate title, are located in Franklin County, Kansas, near Ottawa City.
6 iND 


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