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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1879

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [unnumbered]-XLIX PDF (19.0 MB)

Page XII

not only sufficient to absorb their whole year's crop, but also to demand,
in payment for debt, even the amount left over for see. For this rea- 
son traders have been enjoined not to give Indians credit, but to let them
pay in cash and products as far as they may go. 
These granaries and root houses, which are necessary to make sure 
that the Indians do not part with their seed to satisfy passing wants, 
have been completed or are in course of construction for the follow'rag 
agencies: Cheyenne River, Lower Bruld, Crow Creek, Yankton, Fort 
Berthold, Sisseton, Blackfeet, Crow, Flathead, -Shoshone, Yakama, 
Tulalip, Neah Bay- S'Kokoimish, Siletz, Umatilla, Round Valley, Chey- 
enne and Ar paho, Pawnee, Osage, Sac and Fox, Santee, Omaha, Win- 
nebago, Great Nemaha, and White Earth. 
It is about two years Since the general establishmentof an Indian police
force, which has proved to be exeeedingly beneficial to the service. The
policemen have shown the utmost fidelity to the government, and, when 
necessgary, have arrested even friends and relatives with absolute impar-
tiality. At the Pine Ridge Agency, on the 8th of September last, a 
runner was dispatched from the camp of Young-Mlan-Afraid-of-his-Htorses 
to notify the.agent of the escape during the night of eleven Cheyennes, 
who had taken with them twenty-two head of horses aiad ponies belong- 
ing to the Sioux. Police Captain Sword, With nine of his men, was sent 
in pursuit, and the nen day overtook the Cheyenues---who had twelve 
hours the start of the police-on Osage Creek west of the Black Hills; 
about 125 miles distant from the agency. !Sword and his party imme- 
diately surrounded the fugitives and demanded their surrender. Spotted 
Wolf, the leader of the runaways, refuse ,l and threw off his blanket, 
which among Indians signifies a challenge to mortal combat. The 
police immediately opened fire on the party, killing Spotted Wolf. 
The remainder then surrendered, and after a two-days march were 
brought back to the ag-ency. Many other equally nateworthy instances 
of fidelity have occurred, and as a whole, where agents have entered 
into the spirit of the system, the results have been of the best possible
There is but one drawback, which should be removed by Congress. 
The pay of policemen which is fixed by law at $5 per month should be 
increased to $15. The men enlisted in the police service are usually 
heads of families,' and $5 per month is the merest pittance. Indians 
tengaged in other avoeations at the various agencies are paid $15, and 
teamsters, with their ponies, often earn $30 per month. Especially at 
larger agencies, where there is considerable police work to be done, -the
payment of the police should be increased as above proposed. At 
present considerable dissatisfaction is felt araong the Indians onac count
of the scanty pay, and agents report great difficulty in keeping a full 
quota-of suitable men. This should npt be the case, as our police system

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