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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [unnumbered]-XLIX PDF (19.0 MB)


Page IX

REPORT OF THE COMMISSI-ONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
five. Benevolent persons all over the country are taking a deep interest
in both of these schools, and af contributing money to promote the im- 
provement of the pupils, by fu rnishing articles that cannot be supplied
and paid for under government regulations. 
From the statements herein made it will be seen that the work 
of education among Indians has been largely increased, and the 
facilities now enjoyed will tend very -materially to promote the, worik f
Indian civilization. The interest of the Indian chiefs and ruliug men 
in these educational movements is very great. They have already ex- 
pressed a- desire to send school committees from their tribes to sei and
report upon the progress and treatment of their children in the gover - 
ment schools; and permission to come east for that purpose will be 
granted to a limited number. The older Indians, and those experienced 
in the -affairs of the tribes, feel keenly the want of education, and as
a 
rule have favored all endeavors to educate their children, and it is a rae
thing to fin an Indian so benighted as not to desire to have his children
taught to read and write in the English language. 
Arrangements are now in progress for opening a school similar to the 
Carlisle school at Forest Grove, Oregon, for the education of Indian 
children on the Pacific coast. 
INDIAN FREI- IITING. 
In the month of July, 1877, it was proposed to the Sioux chiefs 
Spotted Tail and Red Cloud, in a council held with them at their old 
agenei's in Dakota, that they should begin the work of their own civil- 
ization by hauling their annuity goods and supplies from the Missouri 
River to the new locations to which they were baut to remove, distant 
respectively 190 and 183 miles westward from the river. The Indians 
promised that, whenever the government should furnish them with the 
means of transportation, they would willingly embark in the enterprise. 
Owing to the impending removal of the Indians and the lateness of the 
season, it was decided, after dAue deliberation, to defer putting the plan
into execution until after the removal should have been accomplished 
and sufficient supplies should have been transported to the new loca- 
tions to carry the Indians through the first winter. The departmemt 
did not wish to incur the risk of making a trial of what was looked 
upon as an experiment, when any failure might deprive the Indians of 
sufficient food and shelter to enable them to withstand the rigors of -a
Dakota winter. 
As related in my last report, a serious combination was made by con- 
tractors to take advantage of what was supposed to be the necessities 
of the government in the hope of thereby extorting exorbitant rates for 
the carrying of supplies from the Missouri to the two agencies. After 
advertising twice successively for bids for transportation without obtain-
ing reasonable proposals, it was determined to purchase four hundred and
twelve wagons and six hundred sets of double harness, and to hire the 
I x- 


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