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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1879

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [unnumbered]-XLIX PDF (19.0 MB)


the current year the-oaacity of oar sehool edifices has been largely in-
.reased, and some additional schools have been opened, The following 
tables will show the increase of school facilities duxiiig -he year: 
1879. 1878. 
Number of children, exclusive of the five civilized tribes, who can be 
accommodated in boarding-schools ............................3,4U, -2,589
Number of children who can be accommodated in day schools.........5,970 5,082
Number of boarding-schools---------------------------------------52  49 
Number of day schools------......------------------------  107  119 
Number of children attending school one or more months during the 
year, male,  95  female, 3,228....................................7,193 
Number af e   r among the five civilized tribes attending school 
during  the ye  .  .....................        ..........6,250  5,993 
In the last report of the Indian Office an account was given of the plan
of Indian education initiated at Hampton, Va. The progress of the chil- 
dren sent to Hampton last year has been very satisfactory. They have 
learned as readily as could have been iexpected, and the saccess attenl-
iug the experiment has led to the establishment of a traizing school of 
the same kind at Carlisle Barracks. Carlisle, Pa., under the immediate 
oharge of Lieut. R. H. Pratt, U. S. A. He has now in full operation a 
school consisting of 1,58 Indian children of both sexes, three-fourths of
whom are boys. These children have been taken in large nuib-ers 
from the Siouxat Rosebud, Pine Ridge and other agencies on the Missouri 
,River, and from all the tribes in the Indian Territory except the civIl-
i     sd Indians. 
Oaxlisle is pleasantly situated in the Cumberland Valley. The sol js 
fertile-and the climate healthy, and not at al subject to malaria. hI 
te g.rounds surrounding the barracks a large amount of gardening 
can be done advantageously.   The buildiags are comparatively new 
brick buildings, in a good state of preservation, and furnish pleasant 
and commodious quarters for those a!ready there, wit h acapacity to pno-
vide accommodations for at least four hundred more children. It is hoped
that Congress will make further provision by which th-. number of 
Pupils at ths school may be largely increased. 
These children have been very carefully selected, having und4g(e 
the same sort of examination by a surgeon to which apprentices for tle 
Navy are subjected, and only healthy ones have been accepted. The 
pupils will not only be taught the ordinary branches of an English educa-
tion, but will also be instructed in all the useful arts easential in pro-
viding for the every-day wants of man. The civilizing influence of these
schools established at the East is very much greater than that of like 
schools in the Indian country. All the children are expected to write 
weekly to their homes, and the interest of the parents in the progress 
and welfare of the children under the care of the government is at least
equal to the interest that white people take in their children. 
In addition to the scholars at the Carlisle training school, the num- 
ber during the coming year at Hampton will be increased to about sixty- 

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