University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874

[Indian Territory],   pp. 218-238 PDF (10.2 MB)

Page 224

The aoency buildings, comprising church, school-house, commissary, agent's
and physl- 
cians offices, and council room, agent's, physician's, and blacksmith's dwellings,
are com- 
pleted as per contract; also a grist-mill '26 by 40 feet. All of these are
made of sandstone. 
Frame blacksmith and wagon shops have been erected; also blacksmith shops
at the three 
A stone building for shoe and harness shops is now in process of erection.
One of the 
traders has just completed a good, frame, store building 20 by 50 feet. The
other two traders 
have buildings of about the same dimensions. There are twelve dwelling-houses
occupied by 
employe's and traders. 
The farm has 100 acres in cultivation, the entire proceeds of which. are
used for the benefit 
of the tribe, as are also the proceeds of the three small farms, of about
20 acres each, at the 
The school-building is designed to accommodate seventy-five pupils and the
officers and teachers with all the comforts of a home. The course of instruction
is on the 
manual-labor system. The school has been in session eight months. There have
ninety pupils enrolled, and fifty are now in attendance this hot weather.
Their progress 
will compare favorably with an equal number of white children. 
The farm contains about 100 acres. Forty acres were sown in wheat and 5 acres
in oats, 
which produced a good crop; the balance was newly broke, and did not produce
About 8 acres were planted in fruit-trees and vines, and cultivated in vegetables,
the boys 
doing most of the work under the care of an "industrial teacher."
Some of the larger boys 
have worked in the blacksmith, wagon, shoe, and harness shops, showing an
aptness for these 
pursuits. The girls are taught all the duties of housekeeping, also under
the instruction of 
an " industrial teacher."  Thirty-five mixed-blood children are
in attendance at the Osage 
mission-school, Kansas, who are reported as making satisfactory advancement
under their 
system of instruction. 
Religious meetings are held twice each Sabbath, where all have an opportnnity
of express- 
ing their sentiments on moral and religious matters. The meetings are attended
by the 
employgs and some of the Indians. Two or more ministers of the gospel are
present. A lively interest is maintained in the Sabbath-schopl, which is
well attended. 
The religious and educational interests of this tribe have had the special
care of Iowa 
Yearly Meeting of Friends. Men and women of ability and deep, active piety
have been fur- 
nished to occupy important positions as regular employes and for unpaid missionary
Ministers of Him who was content with the poor and lowly have held meetings
for devotion 
and for moral and religious instruction among the Indians, with encouraging
success in some 
The Friends of Philadelphia and those of Iowa have furnished us with several
boxes of 
goods and clothing for distribution among the destitute. Friends of Philadelphia
also sent 
us a box containing books for the library, and papers, charts, cards, pictures,
&c., for the 
Sabbath-school, which are invaluable to us. These contributions of clothing
were taken to 
the camps and given to the most needy by devoted female missionaries, who
also ministered 
to the wants of the sick and afflicted in the lodges and hospital. 
At the time of opening the school the wives of the traders and white employ6s
gave their 
services, gratuitously, to make up clothing, bedding, &c., for the children.
To insure success in settling and domesticating uncivilized Indians the best
of men must 
be had as employ6s; men of ability and of pure life and conversation, overflowing
with love 
for their kind, magnetic, patient, and hopeful; in brief, large-hearted,
generous Christians; 
with such men around him (and there are thousands of them to be had) an agent
can accom- 
plish all that can be reasonably expected of him. Profanity, intemperance,
and kindred vices, are not tolerated among the traders and employds, consequently
we have 
no quarreling, fighting, or carrying weapons of defense. 
About seventy-five white men are in the service, five of whom are ministers,
and many 
others active working Christians of different denominations. 
Persons who do not take sufficient interest in promoting morality and religion
by attend- 
ing Sabbath-school and divine services are discharged, if such should, by
mistake, be 

Go up to Top of Page