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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Kansas],   pp. 211-218 PDF (3.9 MB)


Page 212

212  REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
manches, and Kiowas who, refusing to comply with the demands of the Department,
are sub- 
ject to the military. All of our schools are prospering, and the number of
Indian children 
attending them exceeds that of any previous year, and all educational interests
have been 
promoted to a good degree of satisfaction. The agricultural and general industrial
interests 
of the tribes have also largely increased, and the faithful efforts of agents
and other workers 
immediately in charge, with the gratuitous support from abroad, have promoted
a marked 
and encouraging growth in civilization and are increasingly appreciated by
the Indians in 
nearly every locality. In many of the more advanced tribes orchards have
been planted; 
comfortable log or frame houses built and supplied with domestic comforts,
stock-raising in- 
troduced, and individual ownership of property, embraced in and attendant
to new homes, 
are becoming interesting evidences of advancement which have been neglected
in the past, 
from a fear that, if they entered upon such improvements, the time would
come when the 
white man would supersede them and take the fruits of their labor ; and they
point to past 
history as a reason for such conclusion. 
Their confidence in the security of their homes has been increased during
tlhe present ad- 
ministration, which encourages them in the promotion of these industries.
I shall notice, 
very briefly, the most prominent points of interest connected with the several
tribes, and 
refer to the more dotailed statements of the several agents, embraced in
their annual reports, 
for additional information. 
KICKAPOOS IN KANSAS. 
This tribe numbered three hundred in 1869. They appear on the roll this year
two hun- 
dred and eighty-five; two have married in other tribes and twelve become
citizens, aggre- 
gating two hundred and ninety-nine. They sustain one manual-labor boarding-school,
with 
an enrollment of forty-eight scholars. They are all farmers, and, with the
aid of the interest 
of their invested funds, are self-supporting. 
A location on the North Fork of the Canadian River has been made for a portion
of this 
tribe recently returned from Mexico, and others to follow them, and it is
believed, those in 
Kansas will, at no distant period, desire to join and home with them in the
Indian Territory. 
Great benefit to the Southern Kickapoos would be derived in such union, as
their northern 
fifiends are in a good degree civilized and industrious. 
POTTAWATOMIES, (PRAIRIE BAND.) 
Under the charge of Agent Newlin these Indians are perceptibly advancing
in civilization. 
Two years ago they were induced to send their children to school, it being
their first intro- 
duction to the advantages of education. Their manual-labor boarding-school
is now well 
,filled. The pupils appear fully to appreciate the favor afforded them, and
are making com- 
mendable improvement in their studies. 
They are all located on small farms, and require no assistance from the Government.
They are not much addicted to intemperance or disturbed by outside intrusion.
They are 
the only tribe remaining in the State with any hope of permanency. A remnant
of the tribe 
resident in Michigan returned to the reservation last year, and others remaining
there will at 
no distant period join them in Kansas. 
GREAT AND LITTLE OSAGES. 
Notwithstanding many adverse influences have operated against this tribe-raiding
by 
Cheyevnes, Kiowas, and Comauches on the property of citizens, and attibuted
to the Osages, 
rpeated raids by border citizens on the latter, the killing of four unoffending
and peaceable 
members of the tribe while procuring buffalo on the western portion of their
old reserve by 
Kansas militia, and the capturing of a large number of their ponies, and
an increasing detu- 
onstration by the press of the State to the effect that the tribe contemplate
war on its people, 
thus menacing the Indians by calling on the Government for arms to be placed
in the hands 
of their border enemies-yet it is believed the tribe has remained peaceable
and loyal, no 
positive evidence having come to the knowledge of the agent of depredations
oi hostility 
since my last year's report. 
They have increased the number and area of their farms, the income of which
would have 
materially aided in their support through the approaching winter if it had
not been injured 
by the dry weather. Notwithstanding this discouraging feature they have made
a noble 
tait in this the right direction, and are preparing for increased labor on
their farms for the 
coming year. Their school is well patronized, with an enrollment of ninety
scholars, and 
the promotion of their educational and industrial interests is well directed,
and that branch 
Of the tribe committed to progress is fast gaining the ascendency in their
councils. The 
liberal appropriation from their invested credits, made by last Congress,
was very oppor- 
tune, as the war now pending between the Government and some of the Indians
of the 
plains renders it necessary for the Osages to remain on their reservation.
Thus cut off from 
their common support, (the buffalo,) it will require all of said appropriation,
prudently dis- 
bursed, to prevent suffering among them before they can be relieved by ensuing
crops. It 
would be gieatly to their advantage to purchase and herd a large number of
cattle as an in- 


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