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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864
([1864])

New Mexico superintendency,   pp. 180-216 PDF (15.6 MB)


Colorado superintendency,   pp. 216-258 PDF (17.3 MB)


Page 216

216 
COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY. 
now that six or eight thousand Indians are located upon the said river, and
that 
it is the intention to locate the whole tribe on that river with their stock
of sheep, 
which will amount at least to two hundred thousand, with other animals. They
must have room for this stock to pasture, so that the people of this county
and 
others will be obliged to removetheir herds two hundred and fifty miles east;
and the farther they go east, the less pasture they will find, especially
the kind 
of pasture needed for the lambing season. The people complain, thinking it
in- 
justice to drive them away from their common pastures that have been theirs
for 
many years. Is it just that the Indian shall be preferred to the peaceful
white 
citizen? No, sir, this cannot be so. The Navajo should not bp compelled to
leave 
his former home. I would recommend the Colorado Chiquito in Arizona, where
plenty of fine land is found, and pasture and wood to last them all their
lives, 
resources that the river Pecos does not afford said Indians. There they will
have 
nobody to disturb or molest them. These Indians have done so much damage;
we have lost by them not less than five hundred thousand sheep in three years,
yet we fear to lose much more. If' they should revolt against the troops,
who 
will suffer but the people of this county?  God forbid that these Indians
should 
again be hostile; the property of this county would be lost, and many families
fall into the hands of the savage. Not a single day passes that the people
do 
not complain. They are against the location of the Navajoes on the Pecos
river ; 
all justly complain, knowing the nature of these Indians. At this time it
takes 
near a regiment of troops to keep them at the Bosque, and if the whole tribe
is 
removed, it will take not less than five regiments and a full battery of
artillery 
to keep them upon the reservation. We are now trying the experiment with
those on the reservation, and about one month ago forty Apaches left the
reser- 
vatibn and came to this county, and killed eleven persons, and carried off
sev- 
enty horses and mules. This shows that the military force is not sufficient
to keep 
them quiet. It will be the same with the Navajoes, as they are very fond
of 
sheep. If I have a herd of sheep, and they mix with the herds of a Navajo,
we would have trouble to separate them without exposing our lives. 
The inhabitants of this county expect you to take the necessary measures
to 
prevent the location of said tribe of Navajoes on the Pecos river or its
vicinity, 
and remove them to the river I have recommended, or to any other river you
may think proper for them, and let the white people live peaceably, as they
have up to this time been subject to the will of the Indian. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
MIGUEL 'ROMERO Y BASA, 
T.Probate Judge. 
M:. STECK, 
Superintendent of Indian Aflairs, Santa Kd, N. M. 
COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY. 
No. 91. 
COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, 
Denver, C. T., October 15, 1864. 
SIR: In compliance with the regulations of the Department of the Interior,
I 
have the honor of making the following report: 
As foreshadowed in my communication of the nineteenth of November last, 
published in your annual report, the past has been a year of difficulties,
depre- 
dations, and open hostilities with the Indians of the plains. 
The information furnished me, through various sources, of an alliance of
the 
Cheyenne and a part of the Arapahoe tribes, with the Camanche, Kiowa, and
Apache Indians of the south, and the great family of the Sioux Indians of
the 


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