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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864

New Mexico superintendency,   pp. 180-216 PDF (15.6 MB)

Page 181

In referring to this worthy people I desire to call your attention to the
of Agent John Ward, which is full and complete. The agent deserves much 
credit for the evident interest he has manifested, and the amount of information
he has collected and condensed, as is shown in a tabular statement accompanying
his report. These Indians are eminently a self-supporting people, many of
them own considerable wealth in lands and herds, and the object of the govern-
ment should be to pursue a line of policy toward them that will elevate and
make them rely still more upon themselves. In 1857 an appropriation of ten
thousand dollars was made for the Pueblos, and the amount expended for farm-
ing implements and tools; but few of these presents ever reached them. Those
that remained at the superintendency after the Texan invasion are about to
distributed. Among these presents are some blacksmith tools, and instructions
have been given to establish three shops at different towns, so as to accommodate
as many of these people as possible. A smith will be hired and the Indians
required to place young men in the shops to learn the business. It is hoped
that by this course, in a few years, they will have smiths of their own.
It is a 
fact to be regretted that the number of these worthy and industrious people
can read and write is so small, and that the number of such is decreasing.
under the care of the Spanish and Mexican governments more attention was
paid to education, hence the number of those who can read has been decreasing
since our occupation of the country. 
They are industrious, and produce in the aggregate a large surplus of the
necessaries of life. The lands granted to them by the government are amply
sufficient for their maintenance; they therefore need no assistance for their
port, except the furnishing of some improved farming implements and tools.
They are, however, sadly deficient in the arts and education. I would there-
fore respectfully recommend the passage of an act appropriating ten thousand
dollars, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior
the establishment of schools, workshops, and the purchase of books and tools.
Considering their want of general intelligence, they are a remarkably honest
virtuous people. In the first judicial district of New Mexico, which includes
about one-half the Pueblo population, during a period of ten years but one
of theft was brought before that court committed by a Pueblo. The same can-
not be said of an equal number of any other tribe or people in the country.
They are the only Indians in the United States who are not a burden to the
government, and that in no way disturb the peace of the community in which
they live. They are in every way qualified to receive and profit by the judicious
expenditure of a few thousand dollars as I have just proposed. They can thus
be elevated and made to add to the material wealth of the country, and ultimately
fitted to enjoy and harmonize with the political and civil institutions of
By an order of the honorable Secretary of the Interior, dated January, 1864,
the Maquache band of this tribe were assigned to the Colorado superintendency.
The agent having charge was at once instructed to induce them to return to
former homes. The band at first expressed some reluctance; but during the
summer a large portion of them have joined the Tabaguaches, andI have no
doubt the remaining portion can be induced to remove, as southern Colorado
Territory was their former home, and the treaty with the Utahs of that Terri-
tory has provided for their location within that superintendency. 
The western Utahs, viz: Capotes and Winnemuches, have conducted them- 
selves with more propriety than any wild tribe in the Territory. They live

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