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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

New Mexico superintendency,   pp. 424-427 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 426

426               NEW   MEXICO SUPERINTENDENCY. 
of Fort Sumner. Even the work-oxen, by means of which the ground was 
opened, were obtained from the quartermaster, who lent them to me for that
* purpose. 
The harvesting is not quite completed, but near enough to enable me to make
a very close estimate of its products, which I here append. 
Of corn we shall realize about f,500 bushels. Nearly one-half of the corn
was consumed in roasting-ears, of which the Indians haVe had an abundance
since the early part of July last. About.. 1,000 bushels of dried corn still
remain on hand among the Indians. Of beans we have gathered about twenty
fanegas, independemt of the quantities consumed while green. Over two thou-
sand melons-water and canteloupe-have been raised, and large numbers dis-
posed of to the officers and soldiers at the fort. About a thousand pumpkins
and squashes have also been raised, and there will be about fifty tons of
corn- 
stalks to be disposed of to the quartermaster at Fort Sumner, arrangements
having been made for its purchase fiom the Indians at the rate of twenty-five
dollars ($25) a ton. It is proper to state, in this connexion, that only
about 
seventy (70) Indians, including men and women, were cultivators of the above
products, but so much interest has been excited in them by the profitable
results 
of their labor, which they are now realizing, that I have no doubt all, or
nearly 
all, will engage in planting next year. 
As soon as the harvest shall have terminated, I will reopen and sow in 
wheat the hundred and fifty acres of land I have had under cultivation; and
so soon as this is accomplished, I shall proceed to open new lands for corn
and 
other products the ensuing year. 
To enable me fully to carry out the above intentions, I shall make applica-
tions to the superintendent for twenty-six good work-oxen, three large ploughs,
and two good wagons, all of which are imperatively needed. 
The good conduct of the Apaches under my charge is such that their honesty
has become proverbial. Not a single article, whether of greater or less value,
has been stolen by them during their residence at this post; and any article
lost by the owner, and found by them, is always returned to the proper person.
This is sayingmuch for these savages, but is by no means an exaggeration.
]Presuming that the Indian department is fully -advised of the importance
of 
establishing an extensive Indian reserveat this placeI would respectfully
suggest 
that suitable appropriations should be made for the agency under my charge.
It is altogether probable that fron fifteen hundred to two thousand Indians,
including Mescalero and Jicarillia and other Apaches, will have been gathered
together at this place before the termination of another year. To facilitate-the
operations of these Indians, and render them self-sustaining as far as practica-
ble, they should be supplied with the assistance of a good blacksmith, a
good 
wheelwright, and a carpenter, each of whom should have a full set of service-
able tools. 
The only medical aid they have here is rendered by the army surgeon at the
fort, who has, up to the present time, supplied them with attendance and
medi- 
cines from the army stores. In the event of any material increase in their
num- 
bers, or in the breaking out of an epidemic, it is obvious that this dependence
cannot be relied on unaided. I would, therefore, respectfully ask that suitable
provision, be made to meet these contingencies. 
My experience as an Indian agent, and a native of New Mexico-which has 
suffered cruelly for many years from Indian depredations-has convinced me
that no reliance whatever can be placed in the faith and continued good conduct
of Indians who can have access to their sierras. It would be, therefore,
vain 
and unprofitable to attempt the establishment of an Indian reserve at any
point 
f.om whence such access could be easily had. 
The Bosque IRedondo is, however, far removed from all mountains, and-the
nearest cannot be reached in less than two days and nights of rapid and con-


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