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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 31

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.                    31 
fled with amendments, to which the Indians readily assented. As this treaty
has been published, I deem it unnecessary to allude to its provisions further
than to state, that by its terms the reservations at Gull lake, Mille Lac,
Sandy 
lake, Rabbit lake, Pokagomin lake, and Rice lake, are ceded to the United
States, and a new reservation established in the vicinity of and including
the 
reserves of the Pillager and Lake Winnibigoshish bands for the Indians of
the 
reservations ceded, the bands last named to retain that portion of the new
reserve 
to which under their former treaty they were entitled. The new treaty has
not 
as yet been carried fully into effect for want of the necessary appropriations,
but is understood to be satisfactory to a large majority of the Indians interested.
The Indians will be removed to their new home as soon as the necessary pre-
liminaries required at our hands can be perfected. To the extent that the
treaty 
has the effect of concentrating the Indians of Minnesota, it cannot, in my
judg- 
ment, prove otherwise than advantageous and gratifying to the citizens of
that 
State, and will in the end, I have no doubt, promote the best interests of
the 
Indians. 
The Chippewas of Lake Superior have maintained their usual friendly rela-
tions, and, it is believed, are gradually improving in their knowledge of
and 
dispo'sition to engage in the arts of civilized life. During the past summer
the 
Red Cliff reservation has been greatly enlarged, and is now believed to be
sufficiently ample in extent to accommodate all the Indians of this agency.
It is proposed to concentrate them upon this reservation as fast as their
consent 
can be obtained. 
The annual report for 1862 of Agent Galbraith, who was in charge of the 
Sioux of Minnesota at the time of their terrible outbreak in the autumn of
that 
year, which report was received too late for publication with my last annual
report, will be found among the accompanying papers. His clear and forcible
description of the condition of the Indians under his charge prior to their
out- 
break, of the preparations which had been made to provide for their welfare,
of 
the progress made by many of them in acquiring a knowledge of our arts and
customs, and of the apparently sure indications of increasing comfort, thrift,
and prosperity throughout the tribe, will be read with interest by all who
seek 
a solution of the problem of Indian civilization. It is sad to reflect upon
the 
great change which has been wrought in the condition of these Indians. Prior
to engaging in their horrible work of death, they were located upon two reser-
vations, which, in point of fertility, healthful climate, excellence of timber
and 
water, and in all the necessary requirements of a thriving and happy commu-
nity, were unsurpassed by any within our borders. They were under the fos-
tering care of the government, ample provisions had been made for their 
physical, intellectual, and moral cultivation, and no doubt could be entertained
that the patient and persevering efforts which were being made for their
im- 
provement and happiness would, if left uninterrupted, finally result in com-
plete success. Now all is changed. Full three-fourths of their entire numbers
are fugitives from that justice which, notwithstanding their present hostile
and 


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