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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 30

30                         REPORT OF THE 
intermarriages among blood relations, which is necessarily the case in small
communities completely isolated from their own race, and which results in
scrofula and its kindred diseases, and in the end must prove most disastrous
to 
the tribes subjected to its influence. It is believed that the policy of
concen- 
trating the Indians in a country which will be owned and occupied by them
exclusively will nearly, if not entirely, banish these evils from their midst.
I succeeded in negotiating treaties with the Sacs and Foxes of the. Missis-
sippi, with the Creeks, the Osages, the Shawnees, and the New York Indians,
all of which, as I conceive, are fair and just in their stipulations, and
will, in 
due time, be transmitted to you to be laid before the President and Senate
for 
their constitutional sanction and approval. If these treaties are ratified,
I have 
no doubt they will prove the beginning of a policy in which the Indians of
the 
central superintendency will readily acquiesce, and which will, in the end,
prove 
of inestimable value to them, and very greatly promote the interests of the
whites among whom they are now located. 
NORTHERN SUPERINTENDENCY. 
With the exception of an annual report from Agent Webb, none have been 
received from the superintendent or any of the other agents of this superin-
tendency; consequently my information relative thereto is mainly derived
from 
the current communications received during the year from those officers and
others. 
It will be remembered that, in consequence of the hostilities on the part
of 
the Sioux of Minnesota, and the threatening attitude assumed by some of the
bands comprising the Chippewas of the Mississippi, it was last year found
im- 
practicable for the commissioners appointed to make a treaty with the Chip-
pewas of Pembina and Red river to proceed to their country for that purpose,
It gives me pleasure to state that a treaty has been recently negotiated
with 
these Indians by Governor Ramsey, of Minnesota, assisted by Agent Morrill,
and that we now have reason to believe that the causes which threatened to
lead to hostilities on their part have ceased to exist. The treaty has not
yet 
been received at this office, but I am informed by Governor Ramsey that the
boundaries of the country to which the Indian title is thereby extinguished
are 
substantially as follows, viz: beginning at the intersection of the international
boundary with the Lake of the Woods, thence in a south direction to the head
of Thieving river; thence down that river to its mouth; thence in a direct
line 
to the head of Wild Rice river; thence with the boundary of the Pillager
ces- 
sion of 1855 to the mouth of said river; thence up the channel of the Red
river 
to the mouth of the Cheyenne; thence up the Cheyenne to Lake Chicot; thence
north to the international boundary; thence east along said boundary to the
beginning. The treaty is understood to be reasonable in its terms, and will
be 
laid before you as soon as received. 
As was anticipated, the treaty negotiated with the Chippewas of the Missis-
sippi, under authority of the legislature of Minnesota, was not ratified.
In lieu 
thereof, a treaty was negotiated on the 11lth of March last, and afterwards
rat- 


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