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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)

Page 22

loyal throughout the rebellion. In June last they captured and destroyed
party of nineteen rebels who were passing through their country, and who,
the instructions and papers found upon their persons, were fully proven to
been commissioned by the rebel authorities to enrol and organize the disloyal
in Arizona and Dakota. Occupying, as they do, a position between the white
settlements in the southern portion of Kansas and the region in possession
the rebels, their fidelity to the government has been of inestimable value
in pro- 
tecting the frontier from the incursions of rebel guerillas. 
As already mentioned, a new treaty has been negotiated with the Osages, 
and is awaiting the action of the President and Senate. By this treaty a
of country 30 by 50 miles in extent has been ceded to the United States,
to be 
occupied by.lndians, now resident in Kansas, who may be induced to remove
and reside upon the same. Another tract, 20 miles in width, and extending
from the western boundary of the cession just named along the entire length
their northern boundary, is also ceded for settlement by whites. Very liberal
provisions are also made for educational, agricultural, and other beneficial
poses. I trust this treaty will be ratified, and have no doubt that it will
in good to the Indians as well as to ourselves. 
The Osages have made very considerable progress in agriculture, and are not
indifferent to the subject of education. For their improvement they are greatlr
indebted to the zealous and humane efforts of Rev. John Shoemaker, who has
established a manual labor school among them, and has devoted the best years
of his life to their service. 
The Quapaws are a small tribe, owning a reservation immediately south of
the Osages. They justly take pride in the fact that not one of their numbers
has joined with the rebels. In the spring of 1862 they were driven from their
homes, and since that time they have been subsisted as other refugee Indians.
The Senecas and Shawnees, residing still further south, were, at the outset
of the rebellion, forced by the rebels into an unwilling alliance, and for
a time 
were under treaty stipulations with them, from whom they received one instal-
ment of their stipulated annuities. At the first appearance, however, of
federal forces, they threw off the authority of the rebels and returned to
allegiance. They, as well as the Quapaws, are now temporarily located upon
the lands of the Ottawas, in Kansas, and no doubts are entertained as to
fidelity and future loyalty. 
The Seminoles, at the last reliable census, numbered something over twoA
thousand two hundred. This was prior to the breaking out of the rebellion.
There are now in camp near Neosho Falls, under the charge of Agent Snow,
six hundred and seventy-two, mostly women and children, the able-bodied men
having joined the Union forces. It is estimated that about two-thirds of
tribe have remained loyal. 
The Witchitas, and other bands affiliated with them, numbering about nine:
teen hundred souls, are now encamped near Belmont, Kansas, and are under
charge of Agent Carruth. One of these bands, viz., the Tonkawas, under the
leadership of a former United States agent, joined with the rebels at an

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