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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)

Page 17

have been extremely troublesome to, and have committed many outrages and
depredations upon, the emigrant routes leading through their country. During
the past summer a delegation of their chiefs and headmen visited this city,
a treaty was concluded with them by which the right to establish mail stations
at the rate of one for each twenty mileA of the routes leading through their
country, and the safe transit of emigrants, is secured, and the Indians agree
refrain from camping along such routes, and to protect the same so far as
be in their power from the depredations of other Indians. This treaty will
due time be laid before you for transmission to the President and Senate.
In consequence of the great extent of the country occupied by the numerous
small bands of Indians in the eastern and southeastern portions of this super-
intendency, it is exceedingly difficult for the agent now in charge to attend
promptly to the exigencies of the service, which, from time to time, require
attention at different and remote points. For this reason I respectfully
mend that Congress be requested by you to authorize the appointment of an-
other agent to be stationed at or near Fort Lamed, and to have under his
charge the Indians of that vicinity. 
A valuable and very interesting report from John G. Nicolay, esq., private
secretary to the President, who was appointed as secretary to the commissioners
selected to attempt a negotiation of a-treaty with the Utabs of Colorado,
Mexico, and Utah, will be found among the accompanying papers. It will be
seen that by the treaty negotiated with the Tabequache band of Utahs, as
above stated, the Indian title is extinguished to one among the largest and"
most valuble tracts of land ever ceded to the United States. It includes
all the important settlements thus far made in Colorado, and all the valuable
mining districts discovered up to this time. Its importance in establishing
friendly relations with these intelligent, powerful, and warlike Indians,
securing the lives and property of our settlers, and in promoting the peace
prosperity of the Territory, cannot be overestimated. I invite especial attention
to the remarks of Mr. Nicolay upon the importance of an early ratification
the treaty, and promlptness in carrying its provisions into effect. The treaty.
will be duly laid before you for transmission to the President and Senate,
will, I trust, receive that early and favorable consideration to which, in
judgment, it is entitled, as well on account of the intrinsic justness of
its pro- 
visions as of the magnitude of the interests involved. 
The condition of affairs in this superintendency is very far from satisfactory,
whether it be regarded with reference to those tribes with which treaty rela-
tions have been established, or those with which no, treaties other than
of amity 
have been negotiated. 
Of the former class are the Poncas, Yancton Siouqx, Blackfeet, Sioux of Min-
nesota, and Winnebagoes ; of -the latter are the Sioux, Gros Ventres, Mandans,
Arickarees, Assinaboines, and Crows. It will be remiembered that at the date
of my last annual report the condition of the Poncas was never more flattering.

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