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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 16

16 
REPORT OF THE 
COLORADO. 
Considerable excitement has existed at various times during the past year
on 
account of apprehended outbreaks on the part of the Indians of this Territory
caused mainly by reports of depredations committed by them in various parts
of 
the superintendency, but upon pursuit of the marauders by the military it
was 
ascertained, in every instance, that the depredations were committed by small
bands of roving Indians, for which no tribe, as such, could be justly held
ac- 
countable. 
It appears from the report of Governor Evans, who is ex officio superintend-
ent of Indian affairs for the Territory, that most of the Indians within
its 
limits are divided into small bands, who lead a nomadic or wandering life
in 
quest of the means of subsistence, and that although the tribes are numerous,
and if closely united would be exceedingly formidable, there is not that
unity 
of action and purpose as between the different bands composing a tribe that
is 
elsewhere observed among Indians. This peculiarity is especially true of
the 
Cheyennes and Arapahoes. It was, doubtless, in a great measure, owing to
this 
that numbers of the bands were not included in the negotiations attending
the 
treaty concluded with them at Fort Wise, whence arises the claim they so
persistently urge that their right to roam at will throughout a country at
least a 
thousand miles in extent has never been relinquished. An attempt was made,
during the past season, to convene a general council of the disaffected bands
with 
a view to obtaining their assent to the treaty, but, notwithstanding the
most 
persevering efforts on the part of Governor Evans and the various agents,
it 
failed, the various bands upon one pretext or another failing to attend the
council. 
Measures have now been taken to accomplish the same object, by securing the
assent, from time to time, of the several bands, and it is hoped that in
this 
manner we may be able finally to induce all to concentrate upon the reservation,
and become subject to the provisions of the treaty. 
The Cheyennes and Arapahoes, who are parties to the treaty of 1861, are 
located upon the reservation bearing their name, and are under charge of
Agent 
Colley. Their surveys have been completed; preparations are also made for
the irrigation of their lands, and the construction of other improvements
re- 
quired by their treaty, and we have reason to believe that the reservation
will 
soon be in successful operation. In addition to the Indians of this reservation,
there are also under charge of Agent Colley several hundred Caddoes, who
are 
refuges driven from the Indian Territory on account of their loyalty, and
for 
whom a location has been selected on the Arkansas river, near the crossing
of 
the Santa F' route, and arrangements are being made to enable them to engage
in agricultural pursuits. The good character of these Indians, and the progress
they have made in the knowledge of industrial pursuits, are such that their
ex- 
ample cannot fail to prove beneficial to the Indians in their vicinity. 
The Kiowas and Comanches are likewise under charge of Agent Colley. 
They reside in the southeastern portion of the Territory, and for many years
... . I  -   |ld.k 


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