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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 10

10                         REPORT OF THE 
twenty-one Indians of the following tribes or bands, viz: the Alseas, Cooses,
Umpquas, and Senslaws, all of whom are parties to the treaty already named
as not having been ratified. Like their brethren at the Siletz agency, they
are 
greatly dissatisfied because of their treaty not having been &rried into
effect. 
The amount of arable and pasture land at this agency is very limited, but
is 
amply sufficient for the wants of the small number of Indians. They have
the 
best of fisheries, and an abundance of game is found in the adjacent mountains,
so that, with but little assistance from the government, they would very
soon be 
in comfortable circumstances, and the agency become self-supporting. 
From the foregoing summary of Indian affairs within this superintendency
it 
will be seen that, considering the vast amount of good to be accomplished
for 
the whites as well as the Indians, they may, by a comparatively small outlay,
be placed in a most satisfactory and promising condition. I most earnestly
commend the whole subject to your consideration, and through you to that
of 
the approaching Congress, and trust that the various recommendations and
sug- 
gestions may be carefully considered and meet with that liberal response
to which 
I believe them entitled. 
CALIFORNIA SUPERINTENDENCY. 
The condition of Indian affairs Within this superintendency is to me far
from 
satisfactory, and I am fully satisfied that it can be materially improved
as well 
in regard to economy as in promoting the welfare of the Indians and ridding
the 
whites of the inconvenience and annoyance inseparable from the present system,
or rather want of system, in organization. 
The State is divided into two districts, the northern and southern, involving
the necessity of two superintending agents, both of whom reside at San Fran-
cisco, and both requiring offices and clerks. This, as I conceive, nearly,
if not 
quite, doubles the expense of the service performed. 
The duties of a superintendent in California, who should perform all the
labor 
incident to that position for the entire State, would not, in my opinion,
prove 
more onerous than are those of the respective superintendents of several
of the 
superintendencies, and would certainly be far less so than are those of the
central 
and southern. I see no good reason, then, why the government should be 
burdened with the expense of two superintendents. 
Within the northern district there are four Indian reservations owned by
the 
government, viz: Klamath, Mendocino, Nome Lacke, and Round Valley. The 
first three of these are almost worthless as reserves. The buildings and
im- 
provements have been suffered to fall into decay, the adjacent country is
occu- 
1 ed and owned by whites, and many settlers, under one pretext or another,
by 
permission of agents and without permission, have gone upon the reservations;
and the result has been, that they are almost entirely abandoned by the Indians,
who prefer to gain a precarious living as best they may, rather than submit
to 
those vexations and aggressions incident to so close a proximity to the whites,
and often leading to arson, robberies and murder, as well on the part of
the 
whites as the Indians. Whether the whites or the Indians are the more blama-
ble for this state of affairs, it is very evident that these three reservations
are no 


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