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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 8

-qw 
8                           REPORT OF THE 
was expended without any adequate result. I believe that an additional appro-
priation of say five thousand dollars will be sufficient to complete these
mills, 
and that, upon their completion, the condition of the Indians will rapidly
im- 
prove, so that but few years will elapse until the reservation will be self-sustaining.
At the Warm Springs reservation are located the confederated tribes of Mid-
dle Oregon, numbering from one thousand to twelve hundred souls. Their 
reservation is completely isolated, and on that account is valuable for the
pur- 
poses for which it is intended. The Indians are reported to have made greater
progress during the past year than in any preceding period of five years.
Many 
of them have built for themselves houses, and have opened and are cultivating
small farms, from which they derive a comfortable subsistence. But for an
un- 
fortunate provision in their treaty, by which the privilege of leaving their
reser- 
vation for the purpose of fishing and grazing stocks secured to them, it
is not 
doubted that the Indians would rapidly improve. Under this provision they
claim and exercise the right of leaving the reserve and visiting the fisheries
upon 
the Columbia and other rivers, and are thus enabled to procure large quantities
of whiskey, which, besides its pernicious effects upon them, causes them
to be 
exceedingly annoying to the whites. The superintendent is of the opinion
that 
for three thousand dollars, in presents of agricultural implements and other
use- 
ful articles, they would be willing to abrogate this provision of their treaty.
If 
this be so, I know of no like expenditure that would be productive of more
beneficial results, and I respectfully request that an appropriation of that
amount 
be solicited for the purpose indicated. 
The Grande Ronde agency is situated near the centre of the coast reservation,
and is the oldest in the State, and its Indians the most advanced in civilization
of any in the superintendency. The agency is near the summit of the coast
range of mountains; its soil is a heavy clay, and, owing to its elevation,
the 
climate is several degrees colder than that of the valleys. Notwithstanding
these several disadvantages, the most of the Indians have comfortable houses
and farms, from which they derive a plentiful supply for all their wants.
The 
improvements of the agency had at one time been suffered to fall into a very
dilapidated condition, but through the efficient management of the present
agent 
they have been placed in good repair, and the Indians are exhibiting the
most 
gratifying evidences of improvement. 
The Siletz agency is the best adapted to the purposes for which it was located
of any in the State. It is situated near the centre of the coast reservation,
and 
is separated from the white settlements by a range of mountains nearly forty-five
miles in extent, and is thereby, during the warm months, almost, and in the
winter wholly isolated, so that the Indians suffer but little from the vices
which 
are consequent upon the close proximity to the whites. It has numerous streams
traversing its limits, abounding in fish, while the adjacent mountains furnish
an 
abundance of game. The soil is excellent, producing fair crops of small grain,
and is unsurpassed in theproduction of vegetables. 
At the last census the Indians numbered something over two thousand, and


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