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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [5]-40 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 7

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.                     7 
without regard to the disposition of the allottee to occupy the land allotted
him, 
his previous good conduct, or his ability to cultivate or derive any benefit
there- 
from. This practice should be abandoned, and in its stead we should make
the 
allotment of a tract of land to the Indian a special mark of the favor and
appro- 
bation of his "Great Father," on account of his good conduct, his
industry, and 
his disposition to abandon the ancient customs of his tribe, and engage in
the 
more rational pursuits of civilization. 
I submit these suggestions as being applicable to our entire policy in the
management of our Indian relations, and with your approbation shall be pleased
to render every aid in my power in carrying them into practical effect. Such
other suggestions and recommendations as seem to-me suitable and appropriate
will be found under the heads of the respective superintendencies and independ-
ent agencies. 
OREGON. 
A perusal of the various reports from this superintendency shows that very
considerable progress has been made in reclaiming the Indians, and that with
proper effort on our part our relations with all the tribes within its limits
may 
in a short time be placed in a satisfactory condition. 
During the past year uninterrupted peace has been maintained with all the
Indians with whom treaties have been negotiated, and a very large proportion
of those who have heretofore escaped from the reservations, and been the
cause 
of much complaint on the part of the whites, have been returned. Between
the 
Cascade mountains and the coast there is but one band, numbering about sixty,
who are not located upon reservations. East of those mountains all the Indians,
except portions of the Klamaths and Modocs, are in a state of active hostility.
Their numbers are estimated at about five thousand. The country they occupy
abounds in gold fields, to which large numbers of miners have resorted. It
is 
also traversed by emigrant routes leading from the east to Oregon. To the
emigrants and miners the hostility of the Indians is a source of great annoyance,
and no time should be lost in an endeavor to secure amicable relations with
them, which, it is believed, may be readily accomplished. The necessity and
importance of immediate action in this regard will be apparent from a perusal
of a report from Lieutenant Colonel Drew to Brigadier General Wright, to
be 
found among the accompanying papers, to which I invite especial attention.
Within the stperintendency there are the following agencies, viz: the Uma-
tilla, Warm Springs, Grande Ronde, Siletz, and Alsea. 
The Indians of the Umatilla reservation are the Walla Wallas, Cayuses, and
TUmatillas, of whom there are about nine hundred. They are regarded as supe-
rior in point of physical and intellectual power to most of the Indians of
the 
State, and have one of the best of locations for the purposes of an Indian
reser- 
vation. Considerable dissatisfaction exists among them in consequence of
a 
failure hitherto to complete the mills to which they are entitled under the
pro- 
,visions of their treaty of 1855. An appropriation was made in 1860 for the
purpose of erecting these mills, a large part of which, under a former agent,


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