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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1855

[Central superintendency],   pp. 68-118 PDF (20.8 MB)

Page 85

I beg leave, also, to recommend to the immediate attention and 
prompt action of the department the appointment of commissioners 
to make treaties with the Sioux and neighboring tribes. It is, in my 
opinion, desirable that these commissioners should be sent out with as 
little delay as possible. There will be no difficulty in convening all 
iof the bands of this agency in a great council, fbr the purpose of 
forming a general treaty, the advantages of which may be made 
apparent and clear to all of them. 
The Sioux war is near its termination. If I am not totally mis- 
taken in my judgment, all of the Sioux bands to the north will sub- 
mit to General Harney, and sue for peace; they have no desire nor 
wish to fight or prolong the war. The affair on the Little Blue 
Water, on the 3d of September, was a thunder clap to them, and has 
opened their ears, and given them to understand truths which they 
did not believe before that chastisement. 
I propose to remain for the present near this post, and not leave 
the Indian country without orders from the department. I shall 
communicate promptly any intelligence or facts that come to my 
knowledge that may be important, or require the action of the gov- 
ernment in settling the Sioux difficulties. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Indian Agent. 
4olonel CUMMING, 
Superintendent Indian Affairs. 
No. 29. 
November 1, 1855. 
SIR: In conformity with the requirements of the Indian Depart- 
ment, I have the honor of submitting this my first annual report, 
and which, owing to the unsettled condition of the different tribes 
within this agency, I hoped to have been permitted to omit. 
The three tribes under my care, to wit, the Pawnees, Omahas, and 
Ottoes and Missourias, have been blessed with good health during 
the time I have been with them. They all have plenty to eat and 
wear, the two latter tribes being furnished by government with flour, 
beef, bacon, sugar, and coffee. The Pawnees have to depend on their 
,own resources; they raise corn, pumpkins, squashes, melons, &c., but
to no great extent. Should they be successful on their winter's hunt 
in killing buffalo, they will have plenty; but should the Sioux come 
in conta~t with them, prove an overmatch and drive them from the 
plains, they will return without meat to eat, or robes to exchange for 
blankets and ammunition, in which event they will be compelled to 
live on corn; furthermore, it must be understood by the department, 
that when these Indians leave for their winter's hunt everything is 
taken with them, big, little, old and young, squaws and all go. 

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