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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Central superintendency],   pp. 68-118 PDF (20.8 MB)


Page 80

REPORT OF THE 
No. 27. 
INDIAN AGENCY, FORT LARAMIE, 
October 1, 1855. 
SIR: I have the honor to transmit a report, in full, of the measures 
I adopted in reference to the Sioux bands of this agency, and of which 
I gave but an outline in my dispatches of 20th August and 3d Sep- 
tember last. 
Immediately after my arrival at this post, on the 10th August last, 
I began to collect information from all reliable sources, and to ques- 
tion the whites, Indians, traders, and others, who had been in the 
Indian country the last year, and during all of the late difficulties 
with the Sioux. 
It was soon made clear to my mind that some portions of the Sioux 
bands, the Brules and Ogalallahs, had no share or part in the mur- 
ders and robberies which had been committed during the last twelve 
months, and were really desirous and anxious to preserve and con- 
tinue their friendly and peaceful relations with the United States, and 
were resolved not to be forced into war measures by the hostile party 
of their own bands. 
Under these circumstances, and with the conviction that I must act 
promptly or not at all, I declared the North Platte the boundary be- 
tween the hostile and friendly Sioux, and dispatched runners to the 
chief " Big Partizan," of the Brules, and to the chief " The-Man-
Who-Is-Afraid-Of-His-Horses," of the Ogalallahs, the former to meet
me at Bordeaux trading house, eight miles below the fort, and the 
latter at Ward and Guerrier's, eight miles above, on the North Platte 
and bring to the council the principal men of these bands. 
I met the chief Big Partisan, and the principal men of the Brules, 
on the 19th August, and stated that they must prove to me by their 
acts and peaceful conduct that they were true friends; that my Sioux 
interpreter, who had traded with them for several winters, knew all of 
those who were engaged in the murder of the mail party in November 
last, and those also of the Brul6 band who had committed depreda- 
tions on the whites. I forbid these murderers and robbers from cross- 
ing to the south side of the Platte, and required the friendly Brulks 
to drive away from amongst them all hostile Indians, on pain of being 
declared enemies if I should find one of these outlaws in their village.
I placed this Brulk village of 70 lodges on Cherry creek, 10 miles 
south of this post. The Sioux band of Ogalallahs crossed the North 
Platte, between the 20th and 28th August, in small parties, at the 
trading house of Ward & Guerrier. I held a council with the chiefs 
and principal men on the 29th, and gave them the same advice and 
dmonition as I had previously given to the Brule band, and formed 
their camp on the Laramie river, 25 miles above the fort. 
On the 30th August a small band (40 lodges) of Brules, called Wa- 
sagahas, came in. I ascertained from my Sioux interpreter that the old 
chief (Stalber) and the headmen of this part of the band were always 
opposed to the Big Bear chief during his lifetime; that since his death 
they had driven away from their village the relations and friends of 
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